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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 17818  
Population (est., 000) 3479  
Pop. density (per sq km) 195.3  
Capital city Kuwait City  
Capital city pop. (000) 2680  
Currency Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)  
UN membership date 14 May 1963  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 175831  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 115412  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 80798  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -6.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 52197.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 38579.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 35185.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 55809.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 41728.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 39042.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 14.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 14.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.29 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 69783  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 36727  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 30071  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 153 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 141  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 129 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 113 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 171  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 172  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 1.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.6 Population census. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.7 Population census. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 43.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 42.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 83.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 6217 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5208 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3474 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7136 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 5557 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 6080 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 190.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 133.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 60.2 Incomplete coverage.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 75.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 61.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 25.9  
Exports (million US$) 2013 114404.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 29645.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 84758.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (13.5), United States (9.9), United Arab Emirates (8.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 98.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 24.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 3.9/3.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 148.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.5/73.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 52.0 1999.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2028.1/60.2 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 94652  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8 UNESCO estimate. 2006.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 102.9/103.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 63.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 1.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 42  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 <  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 11.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 91030/29.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 482.0 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Trade Profile
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