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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 377930 Data refer to 1 October 2007.  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 126324  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 346.5  
Capital city 2015 Tokyo  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 38001 Major metropolitan areas.  
Currency 2015 Yen (JPY)  
UN membership date 2013 18 December 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 4602419  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5498719  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4571867  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 -0.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 1.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 36298.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 43188.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 36005.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 1.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 1.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 1.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 26.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 27.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 28.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 72.0 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 71.3 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 70.7 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 3.7 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 4.0 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 4.4  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 25.8 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 25.4 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 28.4  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 69.1 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 69.5 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 66.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 49.3/70.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 49.4/71.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 48.4/73.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 100  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 97  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 98 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 98 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 98 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 24021  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 220888  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 170123  
Exports (million US$) 2015 625024.8  
Imports (million US$) 2015 626082.8  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1058.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (20.2), China (17.5), Republic of Korea (7.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (25.6), United States (10.9), Australia (5.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 93.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 86.5/80.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 65  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 2043.9/1.6 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 13413 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 13755 Estimate.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 10.2  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.8  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 101.5/101.7 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 102.1/101.7 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 59.5/65.2 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 9.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 120.2 Data as at the end of December.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 90.6 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 2092.0  
Threatened species 2015 364  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 68.5 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 1243384/9.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1172  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 149.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.2 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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