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Map
Japan
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency Yen (JPY)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 377930  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 126497  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 334.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tokyo (37217)  
United Nations membership date 18 December 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 5870357  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5488425  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4571867  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 -0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 46407.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 43374.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 36172.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 48084.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 44478.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 37013.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 77.72 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 81.45 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 117.97 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 119060  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 203920  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 165780  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 97 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 97  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 98 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 92  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 95  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 4.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Average of monthly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.3 Average of monthly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 27.9 Average of monthly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Average of monthly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.7 Average of monthly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.4 Average of monthly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 49.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 49.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 6219 Excludes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8611 Excludes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6728 Excludes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 36399 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 38138  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 153.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 149.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 122.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 79.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 78.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 66.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 823183.8  
Imports (million US$) 2011 855380.5  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -32196.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (19.7), United States (15.5), Republic of Korea (8.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (21.5), United States (8.9), Australia (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -7.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 91.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 13.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 34.3/28.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 87.1/80.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 54.3 Age group 20 to 49 years. 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2176.2/1.7 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7581  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.6/102.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 345  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 69.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1100233/8.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3003.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1529  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.9/20.0  
Trade Profile
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