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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 377930 Data refer to 1 October 2007.  
Population (est., 000) 127000  
Pop. density (per sq km) 336.1  
Capital city Tokyo  
Capital city pop. (000) 37833 Major metropolitan areas.  
Currency Yen (JPY)  
UN membership date 18 December 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 4898532  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5495387  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4571867  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 38527.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 43150.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 36005.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 39947.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 44311.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 36844.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 105.30 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 81.45 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 117.97 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 34068  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 217550  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 170123  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 97  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 97  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 98 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 97 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.3 ISIC Rev.3. Average of monthly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 27.9 ISIC Rev.3. Average of monthly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.7 ISIC Rev.3. Average of monthly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.4 ISIC Rev.3. Average of monthly estimates.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 48.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 49.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 70.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 10364 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8611 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6728 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1186 Including Okinawa. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 4127 Including Okinawa.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 4167 Including Okinawa.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 115.2 Including Personal Handy-phone System and data cards. December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 96.8 Including Personal Handy-phone System and data cards.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 76.0 Including Personal Handy-phone System.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 86.3 Population aged 15-74.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 78.2 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 66.9 Population aged 6 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 715097.2  
Imports (million US$) 2013 833166.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -118068.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (18.8), China (18.1), Republic of Korea (7.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (21.7), United States (8.6), Australia (6.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -7.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 93.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 13.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 35.5/29.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 86.9/80.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 54.3 Age group 20 to 49 years. 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2437.2/1.9 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 11231 UNHCR estimate.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 102.1/102.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 46.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 9.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 362  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 68.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 1187657/9.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 148.0 Including Okinawa.  
Trade Profile
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