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Map
Jamaica
Summary statistics
Region Caribbean  
Currency Jamaican Dollar (JMD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 10991  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2751  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 250.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kingston (571)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 14746  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 13458  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11239  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 5360.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4910.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4191.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 5132.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4701.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3939.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 86.37 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 85.60 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 64.38 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -934  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1071  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 319  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 296  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 166  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 ... Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 12.4 Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.3 Age group 14 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 16.1 Age group 14 years and over. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 15.9 Age group 14 years and over. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.7 Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 17.6 Age group 14 years and over. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 20.2 Age group 14 years and over. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 18.1 Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 56.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 71.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1952 Includes nationals residing abroad. Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1922 Includes nationals residing abroad. Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1479 Includes nationals residing abroad. Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 14 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 17  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 118.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 85.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 31.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 27.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.8  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1327.6 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 5225.2 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -3897.6 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (49.6), Canada (12.3), United Kingdom (6.3) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (35.9), Venezuela (14.0), Trinidad and Tobago (13.8) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2012 52.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.5/10.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.0/70.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 22.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 69.0 2002-2003.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 30.0/1.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 20  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.1/91.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 68.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.3/95.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 287  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 8566/3.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 984.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 813  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.9/31.4  
Trade Profile
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