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Summary statistics
Region Caribbean  
Surface area (sq km) 10991  
Population (est., 000) 2799  
Pop. density (per sq km) 254.7  
Capital city Kingston  
Capital city pop. (000) 587  
Currency Jamaican Dollar (JMD)  
UN membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 14270  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 13234  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11239  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 0.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 5125.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4827.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4190.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 5029.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4647.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3938.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 106.05 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 85.60 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 64.38 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1312  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -934  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1071  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 372  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 296  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 166  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 15.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 12.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 15.5 Population aged 14 and over. ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 15.9 Population aged 14 and over. ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.7 Population aged 14 and over. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 18.1 Population aged 14 and over. ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 20.2 Population aged 14 and over. ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 18.1 Population aged 14 and over. ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 56.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 70.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2008 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1922 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1479 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 6  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 15  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 100.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 116.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 73.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 37.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 27.7 Population aged 14 and over using the Internet via any device.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1569.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 6216.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -4647.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (49.1), Canada (14.3), Netherlands (6.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (34.1), Venezuela (14.9), Trinidad and Tobago (12.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 54.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 26.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 12.0/11.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.0/70.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 72.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 34.9/1.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 23  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 84.5/85.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 68.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 39.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 12.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 292  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 31.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 93.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 80.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7756/2.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 37.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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