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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Caribbean  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 10991  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 2803  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 258.9  
Capital city 2015 Kingston  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 588  
Currency 2015 Jamaican Dollar (JMD)  
UN membership date 2013 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 13927  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 13218  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11244  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 0.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 -1.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 5003.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4822.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4198.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 6.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 5.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 5.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 20.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 20.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 23.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 72.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 74.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 70.4  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 18.2 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 20.2 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 18.1 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 15.2 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 15.9 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.7 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 66.5 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 63.8 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 64.0 Persons aged 14 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 13.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 12.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 57.6/72.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 55.1/71.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 57.3/75.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 403  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 296  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 166  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 106 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 106 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1110  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -934  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1071  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1452.0 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 5835.5 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -4383.5 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (39.5), Canada (15.3), Netherlands (5.7) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United States (39.2), Venezuela (11.5), Trinidad and Tobago (10.2) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population (%) 2015 54.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.9/73.1  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 49  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 23.2/0.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 2080 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air. Including nationals residing abroad. E/D cards.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 18  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.4 Data revision.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.0  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 71.5/66.3  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 39.0/17.1 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 36.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 12.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 102.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 40.5 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 12.0  
Threatened species 2015 298  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 31.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 7726/2.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 39.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 1.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.5/89.4  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 79.9/84.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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