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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 301339  
Population (est., 000) 61070  
Pop. density (per sq km) 202.7  
Capital city Rome  
Capital city pop. (000) 3697  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 2149485  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2126620  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1853466  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 35243.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 35145.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 31590.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 35182.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 35055.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 31625.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 18.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 20879  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -70093  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -29744  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 133  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123 Excluding tobacco.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Excluding tobacco.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 91 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 112 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 12.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 27.8 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 3.7 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.8  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.2 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 39.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 38.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 37.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 59.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 61.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 47704 Excluding seasonal and border workers.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 43626 Excluding seasonal and border workers.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 36513 Excluding seasonal and border workers.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1337 Including San Marino and the Holy See. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1226 Including San Marino and the Holy See.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1170 Including San Marino and the Holy See.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 158.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 154.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 121.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 58.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 35.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 518103.2 Including San Marino.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 479342.2 Including San Marino.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 38761.0 Including San Marino.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (12.4), France (10.8), United States (6.9) Including San Marino.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Germany (14.8), France (8.5), China (6.4) Including San Marino.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 68.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 14.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 29.9/24.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.9/79.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 62.7 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1995-1996.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5721.5/9.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 98813 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 98.5/99.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 57.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 31.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 276  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 31.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 13.3  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 397994/6.6 Including San Marino.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 110.0 Including San Marino and the Holy See.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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