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Map
Italy
Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 301336  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 60789  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 201.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Rome (3298)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 2195938  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2056941  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1786275  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 36124.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 33970.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 30446.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 35849.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 33810.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 30454.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 19.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -71874  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -72015  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -29744  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 127 Series replacing former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123 Excludes tobacco.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Excludes tobacco.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 88  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 89  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 8.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 28.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 3.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 37.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 37.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 37.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 59.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 61.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 46119 Excludes seasonal and border workers.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 43626 Excludes seasonal and border workers.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 36513 Excludes seasonal and border workers.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ... Includes San Marino.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 18655 Includes San Marino. 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 21749 Includes San Marino.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 186.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 185.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 164.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 56.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 53.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 35.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 523256.3 Includes San Marino.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 558832.0 Includes San Marino.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -35575.7 Includes San Marino.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Germany (13.0), France (11.5), United States (6.1) Includes San Marino.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Germany (15.5), France (8.3), China (7.4) Includes San Marino.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 68.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 29.8/24.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.6/79.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 62.7 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1995-1996.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 4463.4/7.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 72761  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.2/101.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 261  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 400508/6.6 Includes San Marino.  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2637.0 Includes San Marino.  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 733  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.6/20.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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