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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 301339  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 60885  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 202.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Rome (3298)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2013392  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2055355  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1786275  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 33069.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 33967.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 30445.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 32828.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 33807.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 30454.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 18.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -8054  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -72633  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -29744  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123 Excludes tobacco.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Excludes tobacco.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 84  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 89  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 87  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 87  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 10.7 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.7 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 27.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 3.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 39.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 38.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 37.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 59.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 61.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 46360 Excludes seasonal and border workers.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 43626 Excludes seasonal and border workers.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 36513 Excludes seasonal and border workers.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Includes San Marino and the Holy See.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 20258 Includes San Marino and the Holy See.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 21749 Includes San Marino and the Holy See.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 159.5 Includes mobile virtual network operators.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 154.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 121.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 58.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.7 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 35.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 501528.9 Includes San Marino.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 489104.1 Includes San Marino.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 12424.8 Includes San Marino.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (12.5), France (11.1), United States (6.8) Includes San Marino.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (14.5), France (8.3), China (6.6) Includes San Marino.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 68.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 29.7/24.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.9/79.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 62.7 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1995-1996.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5721.5/9.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 71264 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.8/101.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 31.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 273  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 31.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 405975/6.7 Includes San Marino.  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2691.0 Includes San Marino and the Holy See.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 733 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.6/20.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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