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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 652864  
Population (est., 000) 31281  
Pop. density (per sq km) 48.0  
Capital city Kabul  
Capital city pop. (000) 4436  
Currency Afghani (AFN)  
UN membership date 19 November 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 21618  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16078  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6622  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 707.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 566.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 266.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 707.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 566.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 266.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 17.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 56.64 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 45.27 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 50.41 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -6706  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2795  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1673 2008.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 8.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 15.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 15.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 13.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 56 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 41  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 23  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 70.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 45.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 5.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 4.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.2  
Exports (million US$) 2013 515.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 8554.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -8039.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Pakistan (38.5), Areas nes (27.4), India (20.0) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 26.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 45.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.3/3.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 102.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 62.0/59.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 67.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 21.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 105.1/0.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1061213  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 64.9/99.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 24.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 6.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 27.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 37  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 2.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 64.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 29.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 12251/0.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 10.0  
Trade Profile
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