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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 69825  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 4576  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 65.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dublin (1121)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 210638  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 209388  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 202578  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 46032.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 46868.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 48720.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 37803.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 38920.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 42046.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 10.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 9245  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 2319  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7150  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 133 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 128  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 119  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 107  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 109  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 14.7 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 13.9 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 18.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 27.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Second quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 4.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 5.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Second quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 52.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 67.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 7550 Includes tourists from North Ireland.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7134 Includes tourists from North Ireland. Methodology revised;data not strictly comparable.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 7333 Includes tourists from North Ireland.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1763  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1541  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 107.1 December. Excludes data only mobile broadband (HSDPA).  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 105.2 December. Excludes data only mobile broadband (HSDPA).  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 102.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 79.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 69.9 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 41.6 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 118295.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 63100.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 55195.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (19.7), United Kingdom (16.6), Belgium (14.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Kingdom (33.5), United States (13.1), Germany (7.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 62.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 21.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 17.9/16.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.7/78.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 64.8 Age group 18 to 49 years. 2004-2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 735.5/15.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 10323 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 110.0/109.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </2.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 34  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 10.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 39967/8.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 3210.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 758 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.4/12.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Trade Profile
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