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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 435052  
Population (est., 000) 34769  
Pop. density (per sq km) 79.3  
Capital city Baghdad  
Capital city pop. (000) 6483  
Currency Iraqi Dinar (IQD)  
UN membership date 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 195517  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 117138  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 36268  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 5790.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3783.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1324.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 5921.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3834.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1351.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1166.00 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1170.00 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1487.00 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 29541 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 6488  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3335  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 753  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 660 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 323  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 16.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 15.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 18.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.2 ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.7 2006. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 23.4 ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 2006. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 14.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 14.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 13.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 69.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 892 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1518 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 6420 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 5273  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 4147  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 96.1 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 75.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 9.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.9 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 69.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 39.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.7/4.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 102.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.1/66.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 28.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 52.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 95.8/0.3 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2329610 Including an estimate for stateless persons population.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 73.9/90.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 36.2 UNESCO estimate. 2005.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 8.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 26.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 69  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 1.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 85.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 85.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 133655/4.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 57.0  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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