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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 435052  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 37548  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 86.5  
Capital city 2015 Baghdad  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 6643  
Currency 2015 Iraqi Dinar (IQD)  
UN membership date 2013 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 225422  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 117138  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 36268  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 -3.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 5.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 6390.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3794.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1342.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 4.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 5.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 6.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 59.0  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 55.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 63.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 36.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 39.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 29.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 23.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2008.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 17.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 18.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2008.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 58.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2008.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 65.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 16.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 15.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 18.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 15.0/69.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 14.5/69.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 13.7/68.9 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 770  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 660 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 323  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 129 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 129 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 29541 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 6488  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7513  
Exports (million US$) 2015 89741.9 2013.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 69.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 71.4/67.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 79  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 353.9/1.0 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 892 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. 2013. Including residents and non-residents.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 4311660 Including an estimate for stateless persons populations in line with Law 26 of 2006, which allows stateless persons to apply for nationality in certain circumstances.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 32  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.5 Break in the time series. Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data. The estimates do not include expenditures for Northern Iraq.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 7.9 2011.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 26.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 94.9 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 11.3 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 69  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 1.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 167813/4.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 6522  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 61.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 0.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 93.8/70.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 86.4/83.8  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.6  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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