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Map
Iraq
Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Iraqi Dinar (IQD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 435244  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32665  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 75.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Baghdad (6036)  
United Nations membership date 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 122750  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 110693  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 36268  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 8.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 3758.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3495.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1326.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 2484.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3312.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1353.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 15.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1170.00 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1170.00 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1487.00 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 26973 2008.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7513  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 697  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 660 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 323  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. May. 2004.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 23.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 17.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. May. 2004.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 14.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 14.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 13.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 69.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1518 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 864 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. 2008.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 118318 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 96426  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 83.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 78.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 9.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 5.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 2.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population (%) 2012 66.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.6/4.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.6/67.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 33.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 49.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 83.4/0.3 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1752466  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 72.6/89.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 36.2 UNESCO estimate.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.3 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 61  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 108949/3.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1065.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 123  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/30.6  
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