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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Iraqi Dinar (IQD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 435244  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 32778  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 75.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Baghdad (6036)  
United Nations membership date 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 149370  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 122041  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 36268  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 8.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 4557.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3941.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1324.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 4674.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3993.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1351.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1166.00 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1170.00 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1487.00 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 29541  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 6488  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3335  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 739  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 660 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 323  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 23.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 14.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 14.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 13.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 69.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1518 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 864 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. 2008.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 126674  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 99648  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 79.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 73.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 7.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.9 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 66.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 40.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.6/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 102.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.1/66.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 28.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 51.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 95.8/0.3 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1366368  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 73.9/90.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 36.2 UNESCO estimate. 2005.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.3 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 25.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 62  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 1.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 114573/3.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1236.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 123 Based on monthly averages for the period 1976-2008.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/30.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1976-2008.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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