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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Iranian Rial (IRR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1628750  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 76424  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 46.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tehran (7304)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 551588  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 421716  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 205587  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7217.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5663.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2930.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 7156.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5620.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2885.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 23.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 12260.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 10353.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 9091.00 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 593  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 386  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 193  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 ... Age group 10 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.5 Age group 10 years and over. 2009.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.3 Age group 10 years and over. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.3 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 21.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 24.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 16.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 16.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 19.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 73.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 3834 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2938 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1889 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 367945  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 318568  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 76.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 73.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.2 October.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 26.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 14.7 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 8.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 130544.0 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 68319.0 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 62225.0 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Asia nes (47.0), Europe nes (18.9), Areas nes (7.1) 2011. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Arab Emirates (26.6), Areas nes (14.7), China (10.3) 2011. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 69.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 23.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 8.3/7.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.9/72.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 73.3 2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2649.5/3.4 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 862808  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.1/96.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/2.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 3.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 112  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 6.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 571144/7.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2954.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 230 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.7/22.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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