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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1628750 Land area only.  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 80043  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 49.2  
Capital city 2015 Tehran  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 8432  
Currency 2015 Iranian Rial (IRR)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 425326  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 467790  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 219846  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 6.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 5442.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6299.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3135.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 7.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 6.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 6.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 41.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 40.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 45.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 51.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 53.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 47.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 17.9 Persons aged 10 years and over. Excluding the institutional population.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 19.2 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding the institutional population.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 24.7 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 33.8 Persons aged 10 years and over. Excluding the institutional population.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 32.2 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding the institutional population.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 30.3 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 48.3 Persons aged 10 years and over. Excluding the institutional population.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 48.6 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding the institutional population.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 44.8 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 10.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 13.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 12.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 16.0/72.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 16.0/70.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 19.4/74.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 913  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 386  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 193  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 113 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 114 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Exports (million US$) 2015 130544.0 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 68319.0 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 62225.0 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Asia nes (47.0), Europe nes (18.9), Areas nes (7.1) 2011. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United Arab Emirates (26.6), Areas nes (14.7), China (10.3) 2011. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 73.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 76.2/74.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 40  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 2726.4/3.5 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 4967 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 979491  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.9 Exchange rate changed in 2002 from multiple to a managed floating exchange rate. Inter-bank market rate used prior to 2002.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.0  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 111.6/106.9  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 87.9/88.9  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 63.6/68.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 4.8 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 3.1  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 87.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 39.4 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 174.0  
Threatened species 2015 121  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 6.6 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 616976/8.0  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 12544  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 119.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 6.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.7/92.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 92.8/82.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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