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Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Iranian Rial (IRR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1628750 Land area.  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 74799  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 45.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tehran (7304)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 521835  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 428960  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 205586  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 6977.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5799.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2948.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 6913.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5755.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2903.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 27.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 11165.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 10353.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 9091.00 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 466  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 386  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 193  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.5 Age group 10 years and over. 2009.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.3 Age group 10 years and over. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.3 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 21.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 24.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 16.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 16.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 19.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 3354 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2938 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1889 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 361954 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 325816  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 112.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 41.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 21.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 16.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 130544.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 68319.0  
Balance (million US$) 2011 62225.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United Arab Emirates (26.6) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 69.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 22.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.9/7.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.3/71.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 23.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 73.3 2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2128.7/2.8 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 886914  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/95.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/2.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 108  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 7.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 601563/8.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2750.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 230  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.7/22.5  
Trade Profile
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