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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 1628750 Land area only.  
Population (est., 000) 78470  
Pop. density (per sq km) 47.6  
Capital city Tehran  
Capital city pop. (000) 8353  
Currency Iranian Rial (IRR)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 492783  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 421716  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 205587  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6362.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5663.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2930.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 6321.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5620.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2885.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 27.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 24774.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 10353.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 9091.00 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 779 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 386  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 193  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 13.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 13.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 12.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.2 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.3 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 21.2 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 24.7 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 16.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 16.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 19.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 73.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 4769 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2938 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1889 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 13471 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 15644  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 13004  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 84.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 72.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.1 October.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 31.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 14.7 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 8.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 130544.0 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 68319.0 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 62225.0 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Asia nes (47.0), Europe nes (18.9), Areas nes (7.1) 2011. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United Arab Emirates (26.6), Areas nes (14.7), China (10.3) 2011. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 72.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 23.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 8.7/8.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.9/72.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 77.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2649.5/3.4 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 982123  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 92.1/96.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 49.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 4.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 3.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 121  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 6.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 96.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 89.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 586599/7.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 127.0  
Trade Profile
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