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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 1910931  
Population (est., 000) 252812  
Pop. density (per sq km) 132.7  
Capital city Jakarta  
Capital city pop. (000) 10176 Refers to the functional urban area.  
Currency Rupiah (IDR)  
UN membership date 28 September 1950  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 868346  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 709191  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 285869  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 3475.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2946.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1273.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 3367.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2863.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1211.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 31.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 32.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 12189.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8991.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 9830.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -29130  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5144  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 278  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 267  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 227  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 156  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 138  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 20.6 August. ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.3 August. ISIC Rev.2. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 18.7 August. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 35.9 August. ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 38.3 August. ISIC Rev.2. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 44.0 August. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 51.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 51.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 84.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 8802  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7003  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5002  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 18358 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 16799  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 11348  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 121.5 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 87.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 15.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.6  
Exports (million US$) 2013 182551.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 186628.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -4076.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Japan (14.8), China (12.4), Singapore (9.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (16.0), Singapore (13.7), Japan (10.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 53.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 9.0/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/68.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 25.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 61.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 295.4/0.1 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 10116  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 96.7/95.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 50.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 17.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 1225  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 51.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 85.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 59.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 563985/2.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 41.0  
Trade Profile
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