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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Rupiah (IDR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1910931  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 246864  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 129.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Jakarta (9769)  
United Nations membership date 28 September 1950  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 878043  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 709191  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 285869  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3556.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2946.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1273.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3453.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2863.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1211.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 33.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 32.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 9670.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8991.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 9830.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -24074  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5144  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 278  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 250  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 227  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 156  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 133  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 6.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.6 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.3 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 18.7 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 35.9 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 38.3 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 44.0 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 51.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 51.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 84.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 8044  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7003  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5002  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 349446  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 219724  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 115.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 88.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 15.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.6  
Exports (million US$) 2012 190031.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 191690.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1659.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Japan (15.9), China (11.4), Singapore (9.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (15.3), Singapore (13.6), Japan (11.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 52.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 8.8/7.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/68.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 25.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 61.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 295.4/0.1 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 10340  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.1/94.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.3/13.9 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 18.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 1206  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 51.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 433634/1.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 543.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1655 Based on monthly averages for the period 1930-1960.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.0/31.8 Based on monthly averages for the period 1994-1999.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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