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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1910931  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 260581  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 143.8  
Capital city 2015 Jakarta  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 10323 Refers to the functional urban area.  
Currency 2015 Rupiah (IDR)  
UN membership date 2013 28 September 1950  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 888538  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 755094  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 304372  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 5.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 6.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 3491.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3125.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1345.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 13.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 14.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 12.1 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 43.0 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 43.9 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 43.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 43.3 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 41.8 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 44.8 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 34.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 38.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 44.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 21.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 19.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 18.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 44.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 42.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 37.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 5.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 50.8/84.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 51.9/84.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 50.0/85.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 283 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 227  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 156  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 137 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 138 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -27516  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5144 Break in the time series.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 278  
Exports (million US$) 2015 176036.2 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 178179.3 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -2143.1 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Japan (13.1), China (10.0), Singapore (9.5) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (17.2), Singapore (14.1), Japan (9.5) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 53.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 70.7/66.6  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 49  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 328.9/0.1 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 9435  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 13188  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 25  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 2.9  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.2 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.3  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 104.5/107.0  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 82.2/82.8  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 32.8/29.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 17.1  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 126.2 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 17.1 Population age 5+.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 3.0  
Threatened species 2015 1246  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 51.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 479365/1.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 19754  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 35.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 6.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 94.2/79.5  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 72.3/47.5  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 -0.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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