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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 3287263  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 1326802  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 446.3  
Capital city 2015 New Delhi  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 250 2011.  
Currency 2015 Indian Rupee (INR)  
UN membership date 2013 30 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 2054941  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1668768  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 820980  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 7.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 10.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 9.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1586.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1355.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 717.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 17.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 18.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 19.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 30.0 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 33.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 34.3 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 53.0 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 48.2 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 46.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 49.7 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 51.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 55.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 21.5 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 22.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 19.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 28.7 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 26.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 25.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 26.7/79.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 28.6/80.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 36.8/83.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 256 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122 Industrial workers.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 140 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 139 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 163 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 152 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -27452  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -54516  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -10284  
Exports (million US$) 2015 264381.0  
Imports (million US$) 2015 390744.7  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -126363.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (15.2), United Arab Emirates (11.3), China, Hong Kong SAR (4.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (15.8), Saudi Arabia (5.5), Switzerland (5.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 32.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 68.9/66.1  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 52  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 5241.0/0.4 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 7679 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 205764  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.7  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.7 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.8 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 117.0/104.9 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 69.2/68.6 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 23.1/24.6 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 12.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 74.5 Data as at the end of December.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 18.0 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 9.0  
Threatened species 2015 1039  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 23.7 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 2034752/1.6  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 22401  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 26.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 3.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.1/92.7  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 62.6/28.5  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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