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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Indian Rupee (INR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 3287263  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 1236687  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 376.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) New Delhi (250) The capital is New Delhi, included in the urban agglomeration of Delhi.  
United Nations membership date 30 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1875213  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1704795  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 837499  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1516.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1414.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 743.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1501.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1399.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 737.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 32.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 33.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 54.78 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 44.81 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 45.06 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -91471  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -54516  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -10284  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 217 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122 Industrial workers.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 159 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 152 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 130  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 24.7 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excludes Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.4 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excludes Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.0 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excludes Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 47.2 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excludes Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 51.1 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excludes Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.8 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excludes Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 28.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 28.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 36.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 80.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 6578 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5776 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3919 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 420079  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 314739  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 68.7 December. Break in comparability.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 61.4 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 12.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.4 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 289564.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 488976.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -199411.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (12.8), United Arab Emirates (12.4), China (5.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (11.1), United Arab Emirates (7.7), Saudi Arabia (6.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 32.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 29.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 9.0/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 107.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.1/64.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 54.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5338.5/0.4 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 190957  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.5/87.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/3.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 11.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 973  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 23.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2007180/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 440.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 716 Based on monthly averages for the period 1901-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.0/31.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1901-2000.  
Trade Profile
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