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Map
India
Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Indian Rupee (INR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 3287263  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1241492  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 377.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) New Delhi (...) The population of New Delhi was estimated at 249,998 in the year 2011. New Delhi is included in the urban agglomeration of Delhi, the population of which is 22,653,600.  
United Nations membership date 30 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1897608  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1678297  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 837499  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 9.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1528.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1370.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 735.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1514.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1356.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 729.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 32.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 32.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 53.26 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 44.81 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 45.07 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -60038  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -52275  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -10284  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 199 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122 Industrial workers.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 158 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 152 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.0  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 51.1  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 29.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 29.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 37.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 6309 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5776 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3919 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 403962 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 314739  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 74.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 64.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 10.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 7.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.4  
Exports (million US$) 2011 301483.3  
Imports (million US$) 2011 462402.8  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -160919.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United Arab Emirates (12.4), United States (10.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (12.0), United Arab Emirates (7.7), Switzerland (6.8) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 31.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.6/7.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 106.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.6/64.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 56.3 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5436.0/0.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 188637  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 81.4/85.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/3.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 935  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 23.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1977805/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 439.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 716  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.0/31.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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