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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 3287263  
Population (est., 000) 1267402  
Pop. density (per sq km) 385.6  
Capital city New Delhi  
Capital city pop. (000) 250 2011.  
Currency Indian Rupee (INR)  
UN membership date 30 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1937797  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1704795  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 837499  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1547.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1414.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 743.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1409.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1399.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 737.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 29.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 33.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 61.90 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 44.81 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 45.06 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -49226  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -54516  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -10284  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 241 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 183 Industrial workers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122 Industrial workers.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 104 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE). Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE). Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 66 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE). Twelve months beginning 1 April of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 139  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 24.7 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.4 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.0 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 47.2 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 51.1 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.8 July of the preceding year to June of the current year. Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmir districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 27.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 28.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 36.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 6968 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5776 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3919 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 26206 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 25386  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 20522  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 70.8 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 62.4 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 15.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.4 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 336611.4  
Imports (million US$) 2013 466045.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -129434.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (12.5), United Arab Emirates (10.1), China (4.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (11.1), Saudi Arabia (7.9), United Arab Emirates (7.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 32.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 9.3/7.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 107.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.1/64.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 54.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5338.5/0.4 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 203383  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 86.5/87.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 41.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 12.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 988  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 23.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 93.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 36.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2074345/1.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 28.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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