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Map
Iceland
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Icelandic Krona (ISK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 103000  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 324  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Reykjavík (206)  
United Nations membership date 19 November 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 14026  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12569  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 16286  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 43240.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 39263.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 54884.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 36764.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 32377.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 52906.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 14.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 122.71 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 115.05 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 62.98 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -973  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1012  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -2648  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 190 Annual averages are based on the months February-December and January of the following year.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 182 Annual averages are based on the months February-December and January of the following year.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122 Annual averages are based on the months February-December and January of the following year.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 7.0 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.6 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.5 Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 18.1 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.9 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.7 Age group 16 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 5.5 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 5.5 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 6.5 Age group 16 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 78.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 566  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 489  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 374  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1691 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 953  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 164.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 167.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 160.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 95.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 95.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 87.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5348.8  
Imports (million US$) 2011 4845.8  
Balance (million US$) 2011 503.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Netherlands (32.4), Germany (15.0), United Kingdom (9.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Norway (15.9), United States (10.9), Germany (7.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 93.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 18.4/16.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.8/80.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 37.2/11.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 245  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.3/103.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 63.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 39.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 19  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2026/6.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 7377.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 798  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.9/7.0  
Trade Profile
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