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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Iceland Krona (ISK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 103000  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 326  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 3.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Reykjavík (206)  
United Nations membership date 19 November 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 13579  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12565  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 16286  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -4.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 41670.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 39506.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 54883.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 37064.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 32574.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 52906.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 128.99 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 115.05 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 62.98 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -740  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1012  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -2648  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 199 Annual averages are based on the months February to December and January of the following year.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 182 Annual averages are based on the months February to December and January of the following year.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122 Annual averages are based on the months February to December and January of the following year.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 6.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.6 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.6 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 18.2 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.3 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.7 Age group 16 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 5.5 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 5.5 Age group 16 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 6.5 Age group 16 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 70.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 70.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 77.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 673  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 489  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 374  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1710  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 953  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 105.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 106.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 95.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 96.2 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 93.4 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 87.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5063.4  
Imports (million US$) 2012 4771.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 291.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Netherlands (30.0), Germany (12.9), United Kingdom (9.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Norway (16.6), United States (10.2), Germany (9.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 94.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 20.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 18.9/17.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.8/80.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 1.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 34.4/10.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 402  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.1/103.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.0/0.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 39.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 19  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1960/6.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 7238.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 798 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.9/7.0 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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