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Map
Hungary
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Forint (HUF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 93026  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 9976  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 107.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Budapest (1737)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 124600  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 127501  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 110322  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 12489.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12731.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 10927.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 11818.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 12129.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 10337.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 17.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 220.93 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 208.65 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 213.58 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 1119  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 261  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8238  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 190  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 173  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 133  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 112  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 108  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 79  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 80  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 79  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 80  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 10.9 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.2 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 29.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 30.7 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 32.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 5.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.5 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 5.0 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 59.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 58.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 58.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 10353 New series.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 9510 New series.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 9979 New series.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6763  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 7028  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 116.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 120.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 92.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 72.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 65.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 39.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 103006.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 94266.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 8739.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (25.0), Romania (6.0), Slovakia (5.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (24.7), Russian Federation (8.8), Austria (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 70.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 27.8/19.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 90.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.5/70.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 80.6 Age group 18 to 41 years. 1992-1993.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 472.8/4.8 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 8552 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.0/101.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 9.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 66  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 22.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 50541/5.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2244.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 516 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.3/15.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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