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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency Quetzal (GTQ)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 108889  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 15083  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 138.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Guatemala City (1168)  
United Nations membership date 21 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 50377  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 41341  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 27211  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3340.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2882.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2146.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3241.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2797.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2119.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 7.89 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8.02 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 7.61 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1309  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -626  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1241  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 213  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 193  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 144  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 136  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 19.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2006. Age group 10 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 32.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 33.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 33.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2006. Age group 10 years and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 49.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 88.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 88.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 87.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1951 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1876 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1316 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 964  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1354  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 137.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 35.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 16.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 5.7  
Exports (million US$) 2012 10124.6  
Imports (million US$) 2012 16978.7  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -6854.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (41.0), El Salvador (11.0), Honduras (7.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (38.1), Mexico (11.3), China (7.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 50.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 40.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.9/6.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 95.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.5/68.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 23.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 43.3 2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 72.8/0.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 186  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.8/95.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.0/84.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 13.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 264  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 33.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 11109/0.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 255.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1186  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.7/25.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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