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Map
Greece
Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 131957  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 11390  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 86.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Athens (3414)  
United Nations membership date 25 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 299001  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 301065  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 240076  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 -6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 26251.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 26504.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 21468.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 25416.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 25781.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 21155.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 14.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 16.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -29227  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -30897  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -18233  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 143 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 139  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 78  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 85  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 85  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 82  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 87  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 85  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 17.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 12.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 17.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 12.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 12.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 12.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 44.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 65.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 16427 Information based on administrative data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15007 Information based on administrative data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14765 Information based on administrative data.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 9047 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 9251  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 156.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 160.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 148.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 53.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 44.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 24.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 31711.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 60832.2  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -29121.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Italy (9.3), Turkey (7.8), Germany (7.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Germany (10.5), Russian Federation (9.5), Italy (9.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 61.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.0/22.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.6/77.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 76.2 Age group 16 to 45 years. 2001.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1132.8/10.1 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 45720  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.9/106.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </5.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 272  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 30.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 94839/8.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2852.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 414  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.3/22.5  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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