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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency Cedi (GHS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 238533  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 25366  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 106.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Accra (2573)  
United Nations membership date 8 March 1957  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 40711  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 32174  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17198  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 7.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1604.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1326.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 804.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1528.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1304.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 794.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 29.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.88 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.47 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.91 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -4778  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2747  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1105  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 607  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 511  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 251  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 136  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 15.4 Population census. September. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 13.6 2006. Living standards survey. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years. September of the preceding year to September of the current year. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 41.5 Population census. September. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 57.2 2006. Living standards survey. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years. September of the preceding year to September of the current year. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 67.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 66.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 71.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 71.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ... Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 931 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 429 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 839  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 484  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 100.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 71.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 13.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 17.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.8 Age group 12 years and over. Break in comparability.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.8  
Exports (million US$) 2012 18761.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 14011.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 4749.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 South Africa (24.2), India (10.0), United Arab Emirates (8.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (17.2), United States (11.2), United Kingdom (10.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 53.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 38.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.8/4.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 61.9/60.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 51.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 23.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 358.8/1.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 19207  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 80.2/87.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.9/25.1 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 10.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 215  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 21.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 8991/0.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 129.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 807 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.4/30.8 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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