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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 238533  
Population (est., 000) 26442  
Pop. density (per sq km) 110.9  
Capital city Accra  
Capital city pop. (000) 2242  
Currency Cedi (GHS)  
UN membership date 8 March 1957  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 47830  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 32174  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17199  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1846.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1326.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 804.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1798.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1304.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 794.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 2.20 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.47 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.91 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -5685  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2747  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1105  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 678  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 511  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 251  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 182 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 143  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 143  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 15.4 Population census. September. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 13.6 2006. Living standards survey. ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. September of the preceding year to September of the current year. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 41.5 Population census. September. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 57.2 2006. Living standards survey. ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. September of the preceding year to September of the current year. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 67.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 66.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 71.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 71.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ... Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 931 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 429 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 347 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 148  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 164  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 108.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 71.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 13.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 12.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.8 Break in comparability. Population aged 12 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.8  
Exports (million US$) 2013 12643.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 12787.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -143.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 South Africa (22.4), United Arab Emirates (13.1), Switzerland (9.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (17.8), United States (9.8), Belgium (7.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 53.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 38.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.8/4.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 61.9/60.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 51.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 19.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 358.8/1.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 20971  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 8.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 87.3/89.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 37.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 6.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 10.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 223  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 20.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 7.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 87.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 14.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 10081/0.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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