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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 238537  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 28033  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 123.2  
Capital city 2015 Accra  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2277  
Currency 2015 Ghana Cedi (GHS)  
UN membership date 2013 8 March 1957  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 37177  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 32174  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17199  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1387.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1323.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 804.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 22.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 29.8 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 31.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 28.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 19.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 20.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 49.6 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 51.1 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 47.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 44.7 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 41.5  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 14.4 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 15.4  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 40.9 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 43.1  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 5.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 75.3/78.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 71.6/75.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 67.6/71.7 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 783  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 511  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 251  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 143 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 143 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -3698  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2747  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1105  
Exports (million US$) 2015 12643.9 2013.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 12787.2 2013.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -143.3 2013.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 South Africa (22.4), United Arab Emirates (13.1), Switzerland (9.3) 2013.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (17.8), United States (9.8), Belgium (7.2) 2013.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2015 54.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 62.0/60.1  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 73  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 399.5/1.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1093 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 21331  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 51  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.6 In 2010, Ghana revalued its economy from 1993 base to 2006, increasing its overall GDP by more than 60 per cent. Estimates have been updated taking into account 2010 GDP rebasing data series.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.0 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.4/106.5  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 64.9/69.2  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 12.4/18.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.7 2011.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 10.9  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 114.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 18.9 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 223  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 40.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 14620/0.6  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 351  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 12.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 7.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 92.6/84.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 20.2/8.6  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 3.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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