Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 357137  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 82800  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 231.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Berlin (3462)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1973  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 3425956  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3304439  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2766254  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 41376.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 39804.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 32996.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 42364.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 40672.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 33369.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 17.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 17.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 240743  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 207725  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 140216  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 122  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 117  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 111  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 104  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.5 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.1 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.2 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 28.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 1.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 53.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 52.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 66.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 30411 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 26875 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 21500 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 81700  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 97180  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 131.3 Excludes data-only SIM cards.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 127.0 Excludes data-only SIM cards.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 96.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 84.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 82.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 68.7 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1416184.3  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1173287.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 242896.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (9.5), United States (7.9), Netherlands (6.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Netherlands (9.5), China (8.6), France (7.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 74.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 13.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 29.5/24.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.1/78.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 70.1 Age group 20 to 39 years. 1992.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 9845.2/11.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 279878  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.5/103.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 36.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 110  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 31.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 744774/9.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 3260.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 571 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.9/13.4 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta