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Map
Germany
Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 357121  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 82163  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 230.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Berlin (3462)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1973  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 3604061  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3306028  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2766254  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 43865.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 40169.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 33514.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 44682.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 40981.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 33893.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 18.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 17.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 202730  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 200710  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 140220  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 120  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 117  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 112  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 104  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 5.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 28.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 1.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 53.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 52.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 66.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 28374 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 26875 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 21500 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 82591 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 96432  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 195.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 191.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 162.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 83.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 82.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 68.7  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1482202.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 1260298.0  
Balance (million US$) 2011 221904.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 France (9.5), United States (7.0), Netherlands (6.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Netherlands (9.1), China (8.9), France (7.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2012 74.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 13.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 29.1/24.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/78.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.1 Age group 20 to 39 years. 1992.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 10758.1/13.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 658818  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.9/105.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 107  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 32.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 733998/8.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3241.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 571  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.9/13.4  
Trade Profile
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