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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 357137  
Population (est., 000) 82652  
Pop. density (per sq km) 231.5  
Capital city Berlin  
Capital city pop. (000) 3547  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 18 September 1973  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 3730261  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3412009  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2857559  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 0.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 45091.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 41099.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 34085.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 46253.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 41964.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 34425.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 256022  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 195389  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 133770  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 124 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 117  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 106 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 96 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 28.2 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 1.5 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.6  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.4 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 53.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 52.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 66.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 31545 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 26875 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 21500 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 5161 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 5407  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 5704  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 119.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 106.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 94.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 84.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 82.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 68.7  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1458647.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 1194482.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 264164.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 France (9.0), United States (8.1), United Kingdom (6.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Netherlands (8.9), China (8.3), France (7.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 75.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 13.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 30.0/25.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.1/78.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 66.2 Age group 18 to 49 years. 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 9845.2/11.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 374327  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 99.0/103.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 50.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 36.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 110  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 31.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 38.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 729458/8.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 157.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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