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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 11295  
Population (est., 000) 1909  
Pop. density (per sq km) 169.0  
Capital city Banjul  
Capital city pop. (000) 489 Refers to the local government areas of Banjul and Kanifing.  
Currency Dalasi (GMD)  
UN membership date 21 September 1965  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 902  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 952  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 624  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 487.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 566.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 434.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 468.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 548.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 418.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 29.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 37.91 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 28.39 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 28.13 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 58 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 56  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -43  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 223 Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 193 Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 157 Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 134  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 72.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 72.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 171 Charter tourists only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 91 Charter tourists only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 108 Charter tourists only.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 6  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 100.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 88.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 17.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 14.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 9.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 106.2  
Imports (million US$) 2013 350.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -244.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Mali (36.2), Guinea (32.3), Senegal (17.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Côte d'Ivoire (22.9), Brazil (11.0), China (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 59.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 45.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 3.6/3.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.1/57.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 9.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 162.9/8.8  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 11946  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 72.7/73.0 UNESCO estimate.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 10.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 9.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 55  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 47.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 90.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 60.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 422/0.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 7.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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