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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency Dalasi (GMD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 11295  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 1791  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 158.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Banjul (506)  
United Nations membership date 21 September 1965  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 917  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 952  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 624  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 512.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 566.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 434.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 448.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 548.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 418.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 33.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 27.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 29.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 33.92 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 28.39 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 28.13 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 58  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 56  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -43  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 202 Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only. 2011.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 193 Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 157 Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 134  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 72.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 72.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 157 Charter tourists only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 91 Charter tourists only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 108 Charter tourists only.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 83.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 85.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 16.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 12.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 9.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 94.7 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 343.7 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -249.0 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Senegal (35.3), Guinea (23.1), Mali (16.7) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Côte d'Ivoire (21.1), Brazil (9.7), China (8.8) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 58.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 45.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 3.5/3.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.1/57.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 17.5 2001.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 162.9/8.8  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 9609  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 72.7/73.0 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 19.2 2004.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.3/15.4 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 9.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 52  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 47.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 473/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 93.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 977  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.9/32.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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