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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 267668  
Population (est., 000) 1711  
Pop. density (per sq km) 6.4  
Capital city Libreville  
Capital city pop. (000) 695  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 16970  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12882  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9579  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 10151.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 8277.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 6944.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 9078.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7311.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 6176.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 31.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 31.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1983  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 128 Libreville. African population.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123 Libreville. African population.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105 Libreville. African population.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 ... ISIC Rev.3 (DE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (DE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 85 ISIC Rev.3 (DE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 19.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 20.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 21.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 11.8 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 24.2 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 56.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 65.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 269 Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville Airport.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 585 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 602  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 622  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 214.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 103.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 53.4 Including inactive subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 9.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 86.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 38.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.9/6.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.3/62.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 31.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 395.0/23.6 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2875  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 95.1/98.0 1999.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 36.3 2003.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 9.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 14.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 227  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 85.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 12.3  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 92.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 41.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2237/1.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 57.0  
Trade Profile
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