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Map
Gabon
Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 267668  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1534  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 5.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Libreville (686)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 24146  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 18771  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9459  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 15738.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12469.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 6901.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 13582.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10817.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 6138.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 25.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 506.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1983  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 124 Libreville.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123 Libreville.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105 Libreville.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 133  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 133  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 11.8 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 24.2 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 56.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 65.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 269 Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 12402 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 13822  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 119.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 109.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 56.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 8.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 7.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5356.0 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 2500.9 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 2855.1 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (59.0), China (8.0), Spain (5.3) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 France (32.9), Belgium (15.7), United States (7.1) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 86.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 34.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.3/62.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 32.7 2000.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 284.1/18.9 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 12792  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.9/94.8 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.7 1999.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.0/20.5 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 205  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 85.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1623/1.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 456.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2842  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/28.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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