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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 267668  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 1633  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 6.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Libreville (686)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 24076  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 18771  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 9459  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 14747.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12062.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 6857.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 12904.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10436.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 6099.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 25.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 497.16 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1983  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 124 Libreville. African population. 2011.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 123 Libreville. African population.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105 Libreville. African population.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 11.8 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 24.2 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 56.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 65.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 269 Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 13093  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 13822  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 187.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 106.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 53.7 Includes inactive subscribers.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 8.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.9  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5356.0 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 2500.9 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 2855.1 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (59.0), China (8.0), Spain (5.3) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 France (32.9), Belgium (15.7), United States (7.1) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 86.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 38.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 8.0/6.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.3/62.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 32.7 2000.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 395.0/23.6 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4000  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.1/98.0 1999.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.7 1999.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.0/20.5 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 210  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 85.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2572/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 651.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2842 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/28.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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