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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 131957  
Population (est., 000) 11128  
Pop. density (per sq km) 84.3  
Capital city Athens  
Capital city pop. (000) 3060 Refers to the localities of Calithèa, Peristérion and Piraeus, among others.  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 25 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 242230  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 299598  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 247666  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -5.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 21767.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 26966.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 22430.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 21761.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 26413.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 22440.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 11.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 1409  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -30274  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -18233  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 144  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 139  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 90 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 118 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 86  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 83  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 88  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 87  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 27.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 12.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 16.7 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.4 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 13.0 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 12.5  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 12.4 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 44.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 62.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 17920 Information based on border survey.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15007 Information based on border survey.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14765 Information based on administrative data.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 437 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 396  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 432  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 116.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 110.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 92.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 59.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 44.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 24.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 36261.6  
Imports (million US$) 2013 61148.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -24886.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Turkey (11.7), Italy (8.9), Germany (6.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (14.4), Germany (9.6), Iraq (7.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 77.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 14.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 28.3/23.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/78.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 76.2 Age group 16 to 45 years. 2001.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 988.2/8.9 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 59085 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.1 2005.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 104.6/106.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 49.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 23.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 286  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 30.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 8.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 99.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 84048/7.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 101.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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