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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 131957  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 11125  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 84.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Athens (3414)  
United Nations membership date 25 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 248941  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 294223  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 240076  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -4.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 22377.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 26482.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 21742.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 22487.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 25739.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 21426.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 13.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -6172  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -30274  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -18233  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 145  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 139  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 75  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 85  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 86  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 82  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 86  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 86  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 24.2 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 12.5 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.9 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 16.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 13.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 12.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 12.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 62.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 15518 Up to 2007, information based on administrative data. From 2008, information based on border surveys.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15007 Up to 2007, information based on administrative data. From 2008, information based on border surveys.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14765 Up to 2007, information based on administrative data. From 2008, information based on border surveys.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 8440  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 9251  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 116.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 91.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 56.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 44.4 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 24.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 35179.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 62341.3  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -27161.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Turkey (10.8), Italy (7.7), Germany (6.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (12.4), Germany (9.2), Italy (7.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 61.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 28.0/23.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/78.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 76.2 Age group 16 to 45 years. 2001.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 988.2/8.9 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 52380 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1 2005.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.6/108.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </5.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 21.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 281  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 30.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 86646/7.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2537.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 414 Based on monthly averages for the period 1955-1997.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.3/22.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1955-1997.  
Trade Profile
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