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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 551500  
Population (est., 000) 64641  
Pop. density (per sq km) 117.2  
Capital city Paris  
Capital city pop. (000) 10764  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 2806432  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2646836  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2203626  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 0.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 42338.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 40616.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 34824.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 43073.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 41446.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 35433.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -40227  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -33734  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -10260  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 119  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 99 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Excluding the Overseas Department (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Excluding the Overseas Department (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 112 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Excluding the Overseas Department (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 10.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 21.7 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.7 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 2.9 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 2.9  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.6 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 50.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 49.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 61.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 62.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 84726  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 77648  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 74988  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 5583 Excluding Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Including Monaco. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 5619 Excluding Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Including Monaco.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 5682 Excluding Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Including Monaco.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 98.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 91.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 78.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 81.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 77.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 42.9 Population aged 11 and over using the Internet in the last month.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 566879.0 Including Monaco.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 668658.1 Including Monaco.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -101779.1 Including Monaco.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (16.4), Belgium (7.7), Italy (7.1) Including Monaco.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Germany (17.1), China (8.1), Belgium (7.8) Including Monaco.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 79.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 18.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 26.9/21.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 93.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 85.1/78.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 76.4 Age group 20 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 7439.1/11.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 298828  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 109.0/108.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 54.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 26.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 234  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 29.3  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 25.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 338805/5.3 Including Monaco.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 165.0 Excluding Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Including Monaco.  
Trade Profile
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