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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 551500  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 63937  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 115.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Paris (10620)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2611221  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2565039  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2136555  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 39617.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 39361.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 33764.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 40297.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 40161.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 34292.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -57246  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -33734  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -10260  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 123  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 119  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 89 Excludes the Overseas Departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion).  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 89 Excludes the Overseas Departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion).  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 Excludes the Overseas Departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 9.8 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.3 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.9 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 2.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 2.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 50.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 49.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 61.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 62.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 83013  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 77648  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 74988  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Excludes Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Includes Monaco.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 47624 Excludes Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Includes Monaco.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 46907 Excludes Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Includes Monaco.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 98.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 92.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 78.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 83.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 77.3 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 42.9 Age group 11 years and over using the Internet within the last month.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 556575.7 Includes Monaco.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 663268.6 Includes Monaco.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -106692.9 Includes Monaco.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (16.4), Italy (7.4), Belgium (7.3) Includes Monaco.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (17.3), China (8.0), Belgium (7.6) Includes Monaco.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -3.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 86.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 18.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 26.5/21.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 93.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 85.1/78.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 76.6 2004-2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 7439.1/11.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 276730  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 109.4/108.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.9/1.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 26.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 229  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 29.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 360977/5.8 Includes Monaco.  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2820.0 Excludes Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Réunion and St. Pierre Miquelon. Includes Monaco.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 650 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.5/15.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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