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Map
Finland
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 336851  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5385 Includes Åland Islands.  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 16.0 Surface area excludes Åland Islands.  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Helsinki (1134)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 263247  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 236802  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 195778  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 48887.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 44142.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 37331.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 49152.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 44799.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 37503.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 19.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -1860  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 3495  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 6330  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 120 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 106 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 101  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 100  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 7.8 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 22.9 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 4.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 55.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 56.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 64.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 4192  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 3670  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3140  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 5516 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 5376  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 186.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 179.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 140.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 89.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 86.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 74.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 78794.2  
Imports (million US$) 2011 83861.7  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -5067.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Sweden (11.8), Germany (9.4), Russian Federation (9.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Russian Federation (18.2), Sweden (14.1), Germany (13.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Includes Åland Islands.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Urban population (%) 2012 83.8 Includes Åland Islands.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 28.3/23.3 Includes Åland Islands.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.3/77.2 Includes Åland Islands.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.8 Includes Åland Islands.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Includes Åland Islands.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 77.4 Age group 25 to 49 years. 1989.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 225.7/4.2 Includes Åland Islands.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 15072  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.7/102.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 42.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 24  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 73.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 53524/10.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4555.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 650  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.0/8.7  
Trade Profile
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