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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 336855 Excluding Åland Islands.  
Population (est., 000) 5444 Including Åland Islands.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.1 Including Åland Islands.  
Capital city Helsinki  
Capital city pop. (000) 1170  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 267329  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 247800  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 204431  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -1.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 49265.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 46165.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 38966.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 49413.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 46781.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 39121.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2466  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5944  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 7788  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 126  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 106 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 96 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 8.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 22.7 Population aged 15-74. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.2 Population aged 15-74.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Population aged 15-74. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 4.1 Population aged 15-74. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.4 Population aged 15-74.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.8 Population aged 15-74. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 56.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 64.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2797 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2319 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2080 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 717 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 724  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 615  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 171.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 156.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 100.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 91.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 86.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 74.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 74445.4  
Imports (million US$) 2013 77587.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -3141.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Sweden (11.5), Russian Federation (9.4), Germany (9.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (18.0), Germany (12.3), Sweden (11.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Including Åland Islands.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Including Åland Islands.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5 Including Åland Islands.  
Urban population (%) 2014 84.1 Including Åland Islands.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 16.5 Including Åland Islands.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 29.2/24.2 Including Åland Islands.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.7 Including Åland Islands.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.6/77.3 Including Åland Islands.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.3 Including Åland Islands.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Including Åland Islands.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 77.4 Age group 25 to 49 years. 1989-1990.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 293.2/5.4 Including Åland Islands.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 14432 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 105.3/103.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 53.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 42.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 72.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 14.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 54767/10.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 257.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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