Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 336852 Excludes Åland Islands.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 5408 Includes Åland Islands.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 16.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Helsinki (1134)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 247389  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 236706  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 195778  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -0.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 45741.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 44098.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 37316.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 45684.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 44754.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 37488.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -3699  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5944  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 7788  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 106 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 100  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 100  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 7.7 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 22.7 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 4.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 56.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 56.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 64.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 4226  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 3670  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3140  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 5155  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 5339  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 172.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 156.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 100.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 91.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 86.9 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 74.5 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 72974.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 76089.0  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3114.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Sweden (10.9), Russian Federation (9.9), Germany (8.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (17.6), Germany (12.0), Sweden (10.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Includes Åland Islands.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Urban population (%) 2013 84.0 Includes Åland Islands.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 16.5 Includes Åland Islands.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 28.8/23.8 Includes Åland Islands.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.6 Includes Åland Islands.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.6/77.3 Includes Åland Islands.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.3 Includes Åland Islands.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Includes Åland Islands.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 77.4 Age group 25 to 49 years. 1989-1990.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 293.2/5.4 Includes Åland Islands.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 13215 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.8/102.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 42.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 72.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 61793/11.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 4908.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 650 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.0/8.7 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta