Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Northern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 338436 Including Åland Islands.  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 5524 Including Åland Islands.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 18.2 Including Åland Islands.  
Capital city 2015 Helsinki  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1180  
Currency 2015 Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 2013 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 272217  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 247800  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 204431  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 -0.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 2.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 49677.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 46165.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 38966.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 2.8 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 2.6 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 26.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 30.0 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 33.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 70.6 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 67.3 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 63.9 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 3.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 4.1  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 4.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 22.0  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 23.3  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 25.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 73.7  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 72.0  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 69.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 8.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 55.4/62.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 56.2/64.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 56.8/65.4 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 127  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 106 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 99 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 99 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 95  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -2686  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 3168  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 7788 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 59682.3  
Imports (million US$) 2015 60174.4  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -492.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Germany (13.6), Sweden (10.1), United States (6.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Germany (14.9), Sweden (11.2), Russian Federation (10.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Including Åland Islands.  
Urban population (%) 2015 84.2 Including Åland Islands.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Including Åland Islands.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Including Åland Islands.  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 83.4/77.6 Including Åland Islands.  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 58 Including Åland Islands.  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 315.9/5.7 Including Åland Islands.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 2731 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 16348 Refugee population relates to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2 Including Åland Islands.  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.7  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.2 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 101.4/101.5  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 152.1/139.1  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 97.2/80.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 41.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 139.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 92.4 Population age 16-74.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 662.0  
Threatened species 2015 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 73.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 46300/8.5  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 755  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 252.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 14.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.5/88.0  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.6 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2016 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta