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Map
Ethiopia
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Birr (ETB)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1104300  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 84734  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 76.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Addis Ababa (2979)  
United Nations membership date 13 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 30247  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 26575  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 12286  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 11.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 12.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 11.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 357.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 320.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 165.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 356.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 319.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 166.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 25.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 17.21 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 16.55 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.68 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -783  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -425  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1568  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 417 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 313 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Index base 2001=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.6 March. Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 79.3 March. Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 78.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 78.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 78.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 89.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 89.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 91.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 523 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 468 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 227 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 309 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 244  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 17.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 9.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 1.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 0.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 2614.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 8896.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6281.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Germany (12.2), China (10.8), Somalia (9.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (19.3), Saudi Arabia (10.1), India (8.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 17.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 40.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.7/5.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 61.6/58.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 62.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 14.7 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 548.0/0.6 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 290212  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 69.6/77.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 30.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 9.2/41.9 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 123  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7881/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 31.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1055  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.9/23.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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