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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1104300  
Population (est., 000) 96506  
Pop. density (per sq km) 87.4  
Capital city Addis Ababa  
Capital city pop. (000) 3168  
Currency Birr (ETB)  
UN membership date 13 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 46017  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 26311  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 12164  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 10.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 12.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 11.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 489.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 302.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 159.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 488.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 301.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 159.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 33.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 27.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 18.18 Official rate. 2012.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 16.55 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.68 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2985 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -425  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1568  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 559 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 313 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Index base 2001=100.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 152 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 63 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE). Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 147  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 148  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.6 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. March.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 79.3 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. March.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 78.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 78.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 78.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 89.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 89.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 681 Arrivals through all ports of entry. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 468 Arrivals through all ports of entry. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 227 Arrivals through all ports of entry. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1249 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1205  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1030  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 27.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 7.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 1.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2  
Exports (million US$) 2013 4076.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 14899.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -10822.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Somalia (16.0), Netherlands (11.5), Saudi Arabia (9.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (21.8), Areas nes (16.4), India (8.8) See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 19.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 42.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.5/4.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 65.0/61.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 28.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 718.2/0.8 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 590071  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 54.2/67.3 2006.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 31.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 12.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 27.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 144  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 12.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 18.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 52.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 24.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7543/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 15.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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