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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1104300  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 101853  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 101.9  
Capital city 2015 Addis Ababa  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 3238  
Currency 2015 Ethiopian Birr (ETB)  
UN membership date 2013 13 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 53638  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 26311  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 12164  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 9.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 12.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 11.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 553.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 300.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 158.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 41.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 45.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 45.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 15.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 10.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 13.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 42.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 44.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 41.7  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 72.7 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 8.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over. Urban areas. 2006. 
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 79.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 7.4 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 22.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over. Urban areas. 2006. 
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 6.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 19.9 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 69.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over. Urban areas. 2006. 
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 13.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 5.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 76.9/89.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 77.5/90.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 78.4/90.8 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 601 Index base: 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 313 Index base: 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Index base: 2001=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 147 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 148 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 242 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated. 2013.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 159 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Twelve months ending 30 June of the year stated.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -2985 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -425  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1568  
Exports (million US$) 2015 5027.5  
Imports (million US$) 2015 25815.3  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -20787.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Somalia (13.4), Kuwait (12.8), Netherlands (10.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (27.8), Areas nes (22.4), Kuwait (5.7) See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 19.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 65.0/61.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 82  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 1073.0/1.1 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 770 Including nationals residing abroad. Arrivals through all ports of entry.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 705686  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 50  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.9  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.5 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 95.8/104.3  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 34.5/37.9 2012.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 5.3/10.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 8.0 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 38.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 31.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 2.9 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 145  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 12.4 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 10634/0.1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1285  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 15.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 18.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 93.1/48.6  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 27.2/28.2  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 6.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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