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Map
Estonia
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR) Beginning 1 January 2011, the Estonian Kroon (EEK) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=156466 EEK).  
Surface area (square kilometres) 45227  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1341  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 29.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tallinn (400)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 22175  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 18981  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13903  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 8.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 16542.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 14153.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 10330.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 15679.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 13363.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 9937.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 32.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 11.71 Official rate. Currency = Estonian Kroon.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 13.22 Official rate. Currency = Estonian Kroon.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 477  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 549  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1386  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 158  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 151  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 119  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 122  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 104  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 12.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 16.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 31.9 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 30.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 33.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 4.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 5.2 Age group 15 to 74 years. Excludes conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 56.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 53.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 68.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 2665  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2372  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1917  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 3305 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 3184  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 174.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 159.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 140.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 76.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 74.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 61.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 18132.6  
Imports (million US$) 2011 18783.7  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -651.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Russian Federation (15.7), Sweden (14.3), Finland (13.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Russian Federation (11.4), Germany (9.9), Finland (9.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 69.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.9/17.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 85.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.0/69.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.3 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1994.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 182.5/13.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 97808  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.7/103.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.4/14.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 17  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 52.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 15938/11.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3361.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 675  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.8/8.9  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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