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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 117600  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 5352  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 53.0  
Capital city 2015 Asmara  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 804  
Currency 2015 Nakfa (ERN)  
UN membership date 2013 28 May 1993  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 3858  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2117  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1098  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 1.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 2.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 1.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 754.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 451.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 262.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 17.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 19.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 24.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 23.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 23.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 21.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 59.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 57.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 53.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 8.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 77.6/90.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 77.6/89.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 76.5/89.2 Estimate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 110 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 110 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 22.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 65.2/60.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 83  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 15.9/0.3 Estimate.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 2967  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 46  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.3 Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 47.2/55.2 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 31.6/39.3 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 1.7/3.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 9.7 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 22.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 6.4 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 1.0 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 113  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 15.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 667/0.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 27  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 7.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 3.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 73.2/53.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 44.6/7.3  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 2.2  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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