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Map
Eritrea
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Nakfa (ERN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 117600  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5415  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 46.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Asmara (712)  
United Nations membership date 28 May 1993  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 2609  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2117  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1098  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 8.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 482.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 403.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 245.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 486.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 407.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 247.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 10.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 9.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 15.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 15.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 15.38 Official rate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 107  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 79.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 79.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 78.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 90.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 90.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 89.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 107 Includes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 84 Includes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 83 Includes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 5.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 4.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 6.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 5.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 21.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 41.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.9/3.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.4/59.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 8.0 2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 16.5/0.3 Estimates.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4726  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 34.8/43.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 27.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.2/29.8 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 103  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 15.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 513/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 32.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 533  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.9/23.2  
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