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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 117600  
Population (est., 000) 6536  
Pop. density (per sq km) 55.6  
Capital city Asmara  
Capital city pop. (000) 775  
Currency Nakfa (ERN)  
UN membership date 28 May 1993  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 3438  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2117  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1098  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 542.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 368.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 226.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 537.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 365.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 224.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 8.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 9.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 15.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 15.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 15.38 Official rate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 80.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 79.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 78.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 89.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 89.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 89.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 84 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 83 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 26 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 24  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 21  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 5.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 3.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 0.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.4 ITU estimate. 2007.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 22.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 43.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.4/3.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.9/60.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 8.0 2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 15.8/0.3 Estimate.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 3243  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.1 2006.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 32.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 7.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 22.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 113  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 15.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 521/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 5.0  
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