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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 21041 The total surface is 21 040.79 square kilometres, without taking into account the last ruling of The Hague.  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 6146  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 296.6  
Capital city 2015 San Salvador  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1098 Refers to the urban parts of the municipalities San Salvador, Mejicanos, Soyapango, Delgado, Ilopango, Cuscatancingo, Ayutuxtepeque and San Marcos.  
Currency 2015 El Salvador Colon (SVC)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 25164  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 21418  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17094  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 1.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 4120.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3547.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2874.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 11.0 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 12.1 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 10.2 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 25.8 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 25.9 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 28.7 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 63.3 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 62.1 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 61.1 At producers' prices.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 19.6 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 20.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. Break in the time series. Persons aged 16 years and over.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 20.0 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 20.4 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 21.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. Break in the time series. Persons aged 16 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 22.2 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 60.1 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 57.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. Break in the time series. Persons aged 16 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 54.8 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 49.0/79.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 46.4/78.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 45.2/78.5 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 152 Urban areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 140 Urban areas. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Urban areas.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 110 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 118 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 116 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 106 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1199  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -533  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -622  
Exports (million US$) 2015 5484.9  
Imports (million US$) 2015 10415.4  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -4930.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (47.0), Honduras (13.9), Guatemala (13.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United States (39.4), Guatemala (9.6), China (8.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 66.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/67.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 54  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 42.0/0.7 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1345  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 48  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.8 Data revision.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.4 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 109.7/114.6  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 81.3/80.9  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 30.1/27.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 64.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 32.1  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 144.0 Includes data-only subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 29.7 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 13.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 6359/1.0  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 95  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 29.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.5/86.5  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 82.5/60.0  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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