Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency El Salvador Colon (SVC)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 21041 The total surface is 21040.79 square kilometres, without taking into account the last ruling of The Hague.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 6297  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 299.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San Salvador (1605)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 23864  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 21418  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17094  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3789.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3444.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2814.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3641.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3357.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2734.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 13.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 8.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.75 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1257  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -570  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -622  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 149 Urban areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 140 Urban areas. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Urban areas.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 111 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 106 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. January to December.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. January to December.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 21.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. January to December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 20.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. January to December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 47.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1255  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1150  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1127  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 310  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 234  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 138.1 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 124.3 Estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 39.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 25.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 15.9 Age group 10 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.2 Age group 10 years and over. ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5339.1  
Imports (million US$) 2012 10269.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -4930.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (46.6), Honduras (14.3), Guatemala (13.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (37.9), Guatemala (9.7), Mexico (6.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 65.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 30.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.6/8.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 90.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.0/67.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 72.5 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 41.6/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 45  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 87.8/90.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 13.2/100.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 26.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 80  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 13.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 6243/1.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 352.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1734 Based on monthly averages for the period 1953-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.4/30.1 Based on monthly averages for the period 1953-1990.  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta