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Map
El Salvador
Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 21041 The total surface is 21040.79 square kilometres, without taking into account the last ruling of The Hague.  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6227  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 296.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San Salvador (1605)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 23054  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 21428  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17094  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 3702.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3460.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2825.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 3600.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3371.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2744.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 14.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 13.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 8.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.75 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -1223  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -658  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -622  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 147 Urban areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 140 Urban areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Urban areas.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 108 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 106 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. December. Age group 10 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 20.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. December. Age group 10 years and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 47.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 78.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1184  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1150  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1127  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 260 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 234  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 141.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 140.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 55.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 17.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 15.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5308.2  
Imports (million US$) 2011 9964.5  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -4656.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (46.1), Guatemala (13.9), Honduras (13.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (38.2), Guatemala (9.9), Mexico (7.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 65.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.6/8.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 90.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/67.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.5 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 40.3/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 43  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.4/90.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 13.2/100.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 26.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 74  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 14.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6295/1.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 345.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1734  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.4/30.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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