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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 21041 The total surface is 21040.79 square kilometres, without taking into account the last ruling of The Hague.  
Population (est., 000) 6384  
Pop. density (per sq km) 303.4  
Capital city San Salvador  
Capital city pop. (000) 1097 Refers to the urban parts of the municipalities San Salvador, Mejicanos, Soyapango, Delgado, Ilopango, Cuscatancingo, Ayutuxtepeque and San Marcos.  
Currency El Salvador Colon (SVC)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 24259  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 21418  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17094  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 3826.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3444.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2814.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 3673.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3357.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2734.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 13.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 8.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8.75 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.75 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1577  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -533  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -622  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 151 Urban areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 140 Urban areas. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Urban areas.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 106 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 95 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 21.1 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over. January to December. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.4 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over. January to December. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.2 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 21.0 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over. January to December. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 20.8 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over. January to December. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.0 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 47.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 47.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1283  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1150  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1127  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 96 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 95  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 104  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 136.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 123.8 Estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 39.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 23.1 Population aged 10 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 15.9 Population aged 10 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.2 Population aged 10 and over. ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 5491.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 10772.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -5280.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (45.8), Honduras (14.4), Guatemala (13.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (38.9), Guatemala (8.7), Mexico (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population (%) 2014 66.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 29.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.7/9.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 89.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.0/67.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 72.3 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 41.6/0.7 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 43  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 87.6/89.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 53.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 41.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 27.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 13.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 90.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 70.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 6685/1.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 30.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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