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Map
Egypt
Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Currency Egyptian Pound (EGP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1002000  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 82537  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 82.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Cairo (11169)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 231222  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 214623  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 94456  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 2801.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2646.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1273.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 2784.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2629.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1259.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 16.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 6.02 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 5.79 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.73 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -5484  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4504  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2103  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 255  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 232 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of May and November. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 30.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Average of May and November. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 23.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 23.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 20.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 74.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 9497  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 14051  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 8244  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 98163 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 83649  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 111.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 99.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 32.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 35.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 30.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.7  
Exports (million US$) 2011 31582.4  
Imports (million US$) 2011 62282.0  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -30699.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Italy (8.6), India (7.2), Saudi Arabia (6.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (10.4), China (9.2), Germany (6.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 43.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 31.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.1/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.5/71.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 22.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 60.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 244.7/0.3 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 114085  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.2/91.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </2.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 128  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 215960/2.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 894.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 25  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.8/27.7  
Trade Profile
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