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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Currency Egyptian Pound (EGP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1002000  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 80722  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 80.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Cairo (11169)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 254671  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 214630  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 94456  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3154.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2749.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1316.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3138.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2734.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1301.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 16.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 6.31 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 5.79 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.73 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -6972  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4504  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2103  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 273  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 232 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 12.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 23.5 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years. Average of May and November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 29.2 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.2  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 30.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years. Average of May and November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 23.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 23.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 20.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 74.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 11196  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 14051  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 8244  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 92681  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 80493  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 115.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 87.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 18.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 44.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 31.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.8  
Exports (million US$) 2012 29417.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 69865.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -40448.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Italy (7.9), India (6.9), United States (6.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (9.4), United States (7.6), Germany (6.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 43.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 31.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 9.6/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.5/68.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 60.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 297.5/0.4 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 201766  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.5/96.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </2.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 135  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 204609/2.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 911.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 25 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.8/27.7 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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