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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1002000  
Population (est., 000) 83387  
Pop. density (per sq km) 83.3  
Capital city Cairo  
Capital city pop. (000) 18419  
Currency Egyptian Pound (EGP)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 255199  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 214630  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 94456  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 3110.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2749.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1316.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 3079.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2734.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1301.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 13.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 6.94 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 5.79 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.73 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -6972 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4504  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2103  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 299  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 232 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 12.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 23.5 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.3 Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.5 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. Average of May and November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 29.2 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 30.9 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. Average of May and November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 23.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 23.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 20.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 74.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 9174  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 14051  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 8244  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3670 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 3694  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 3383  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 121.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 90.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 19.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 49.6 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 31.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.8  
Exports (million US$) 2013 28779.4  
Imports (million US$) 2013 66666.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -37887.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Italy (9.4), India (7.4), Saudi Arabia (6.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (10.5), Germany (7.9), United States (7.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 43.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 31.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 9.7/7.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.5/68.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 60.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 297.5/0.4 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 262333  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 98.6/101.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 48.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 139  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 <  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 9.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 96.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 220790/2.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 43.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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