Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 South America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 257217  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 16386  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 66.0  
Capital city 2015 Quito  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1726  
Currency 2015 US Dollar (USD)  
UN membership date 2013 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 100917  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 69555  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 41507  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 6345.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4657.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3021.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 9.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 10.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 10.0  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 39.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 36.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 33.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 51.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 53.5  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 56.6  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 25.3 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 31.5 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 20.4 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 18.6 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.2 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 54.3 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 53.1 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 51.3 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 48.9/79.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 49.9/80.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 55.3/84.6 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 256  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 175 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 116 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 117 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -590  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1586  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 474  
Exports (million US$) 2015 18330.6  
Imports (million US$) 2015 21387.3  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -3056.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (39.4), Chile (6.2), Peru (5.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United States (23.8), China (19.0), Colombia (7.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2015 63.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 78.4/72.8  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 56  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 387.5/2.4 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1557 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 133305 All figures relate to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 21  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.2 Data revision.  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.7 2011.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.2 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 113.4/113.2  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.3/102.2  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 45.3/34.6 2012.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 8.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 41.6  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 103.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 43.0 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 2308  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 51.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 43527/2.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1293  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 43.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 15.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 93.4/75.5  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 87.0/80.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.2  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2016 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta