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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 256369  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 15492  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 60.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Quito (1622)  
United Nations membership date 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 87495  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 69555  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 41507  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 5647.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4636.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3012.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 5572.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4617.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2863.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 27.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.4  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -177  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1623  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 474  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 240  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 175 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 4.9 Urban areas only. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.6 Urban areas only.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.4 Urban areas only. 2007.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 17.8 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.6 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Fourth quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 27.8 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 31.5 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Fourth quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 54.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 82.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 84.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1272 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1047 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 860 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 27043  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 29184  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 110.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 102.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 46.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 35.1 Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 29.0 Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.0 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 23852.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 25196.5  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1344.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (44.7), Chile (8.4), Peru (8.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (26.9), China (11.2), Colombia (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population (%) 2013 68.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 30.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.0/9.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.3/73.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 72.7 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 359.3/2.3 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 135940  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.9/100.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.3/36.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 41.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 2301  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 38.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 32610/2.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 766.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1014 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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