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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Surface area (sq km) 257217  
Population (est., 000) 15983  
Pop. density (per sq km) 56.4  
Capital city Quito  
Capital city pop. (000) 1699  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
UN membership date 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 94473  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 69555  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 41507  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6002.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4636.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3012.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 5810.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4571.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2863.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 27.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.4  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1290  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1607  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 474  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 247  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 175 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 17.8 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.6 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. Fourth quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 27.8 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 31.5 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. Fourth quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 54.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 84.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1364 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1047 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 860 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1245 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1185  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1281  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 111.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 98.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 45.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 40.4 Population aged 5 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 29.0 Population aged 5 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.0 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 24957.6  
Imports (million US$) 2013 27064.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -2106.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (44.6), Chile (9.9), Peru (7.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (25.2), China (16.7), Colombia (8.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 63.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 29.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.3/9.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.3/73.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 72.7 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 359.3/2.3 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 134716 Refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 109.3/106.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 12.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 41.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 2299  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 38.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 15.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 86.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 83.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 35728/2.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 41.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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