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Map
Ecuador
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 256369  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 14666  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 57.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Quito (1622)  
United Nations membership date 21 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 66381  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 57978  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 36942  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 7.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 4526.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4008.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2751.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 4439.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3931.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2607.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 28.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 25.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.1  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -259  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1613  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 474  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 229  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 175 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 6.0 Urban areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.6 Urban areas. Methodology revised. Data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.4 Urban areas. 2007.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.6 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Fourth quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 31.5 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Fourth quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 54.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 82.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 84.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1141 Excludes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1047 Excludes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 860 Excludes nationals residing abroad. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 27025 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 29184  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 119.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 116.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 59.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 31.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 29.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 22342.5  
Imports (million US$) 2011 24286.1  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -1943.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (43.5), Peru (7.9), Venezuela (6.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (21.2), China (13.7), Colombia (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population (%) 2012 68.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.0/8.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.9/73.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.7 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 393.6/2.9 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 144994  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.1/103.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.3/36.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 2282  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 30078/2.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 751.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1014  
Trade Profile
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