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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 23200  
Population (est., 000) 886  
Pop. density (per sq km) 38.2  
Capital city Djibouti  
Capital city pop. (000) 522 Refers to the population of the 'cercle'.  
Currency Djibouti Franc (DJF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1456  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1129  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 709  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1667.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1353.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 912.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1780.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1444.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 999.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 18.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 177.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 177.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 177.72 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -309  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 50  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 20  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 134  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 36.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 35.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 33.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 67.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 63 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 51 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 30 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 3  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 28.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 19.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 9.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 6.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 77.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 33.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.5/5.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.2/60.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 19.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 123.5/14.2 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 24509  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 51.6/61.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 39.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 10.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 12.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 94  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 <  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 92.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 61.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 473/0.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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