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Map
Djibouti
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Djibouti Franc (DJF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 23200  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 906  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 39.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Djibouti (496)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1283  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1129  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 709  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1417.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1271.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 877.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1513.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1357.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 959.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 177.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 177.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 177.72 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 50  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 20  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 36.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 35.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 33.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 67.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 53 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. 2008.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 30 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 23.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 20.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 7.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 6.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 363.7 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 647.6 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -283.9 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Ethiopia (35.4), France (20.1), Somalia (11.9) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 France (30.5), United Arab Emirates (18.5), Saudi Arabia (6.0) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2012 77.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.1/5.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.0/57.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 75.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 114.2/13.0 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 22247  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 42.1/49.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/6.2 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 86  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 531/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 180.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 164  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.9/33.9  
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