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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Djibouti Franc (DJF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 23200  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 860  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 37.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Djibouti (496)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1361  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1129  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 709  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1583.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1353.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 912.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1690.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1444.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 998.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 177.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 177.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 177.72 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -122  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 50  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 20  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 135  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 36.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 35.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 33.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 67.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 53 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. 2008.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 30 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 22.7 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 18.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 8.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 6.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.0  
Exports (million US$) 2012 363.7 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 647.6 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -283.9 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Ethiopia (35.4), France (20.1), Somalia (11.9) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 France (30.5), United Arab Emirates (18.5), Saudi Arabia (6.0) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2013 77.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 33.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.4/5.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.2/60.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 17.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 123.5/14.2 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 23412  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 49.8/59.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/6.2 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 12.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 93  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 539/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 177.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 164 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.9/33.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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