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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2344858  
Population (est., 000) 69360  
Pop. density (per sq km) 29.6  
Capital city Kinshasa  
Capital city pop. (000) 11116  
Currency Congo Franc (CDF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 32691  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 21562  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11965  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 8.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 484.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 346.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 221.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 439.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 327.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 220.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 20.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 925.50 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 915.13 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 431.28 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2863  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2174  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -389  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 73.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 73.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 191 Including only three border posts.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 81 Arrivals by air only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 61  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 877 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 855  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 866  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 43.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 19.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.1 Including inactive subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 2.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.7 Country estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 42.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 44.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.9/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.6/48.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 108.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 17.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 446.9/0.7 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 3045232  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 1.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 71.2/89.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 35.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 28.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 8.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 332  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 67.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 12.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 46.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 31.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 3425/0.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0  
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