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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Summary statistics
Region 2015 Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 2344858  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 79723  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 35.2  
Capital city 2015 Kinshasa  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 11587  
Currency 2015 Congolese Franc (CDF)  
UN membership date 2013 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 35909  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 21672  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11965  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 9.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 479.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 328.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 213.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 21.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 22.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 22.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 43.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 40.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 32.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 35.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 37.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 44.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 70.5/71.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 70.7/72.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 70.9/73.0 Estimate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 117 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 117 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -3040  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2174  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -389  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 42.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 59.5/56.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 96  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 545.7/0.7 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 191 2013. The arrivals data relate only to three border posts (N'Djili airport in Kinshasa, the Luano airport in Lubumbashi, and the land border-crossing of Kasumbalesa in Katanga province).  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 2001006 Data revision.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 73  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.3 Data revision.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 2.2 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 101.8/112.0  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 33.3/53.6  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 4.2/9.1 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 12.5 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 8.9  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 53.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 3.0 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 333  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 67.6 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 2780/<  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 906  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 12.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 12.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 81.1/31.2  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 28.6/28.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 8.3  
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