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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Czech Koruna (CZK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 78866  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 10660  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 135.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Prague (1276)  
United Nations membership date 19 January 1993  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 196446  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 198494  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 130066  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 18428.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 18808.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 12713.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 17063.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 17394.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 12177.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 23.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 19.06 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 24.59 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -4731  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -7602  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1210  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 135  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 116  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 110  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 89  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 89  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 7.0 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.9 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 38.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 38.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 39.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 3.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 50.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 49.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 67.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 8908  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8629  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 9404  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 24136  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 26843  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 122.8 Includes subscriptions to WiFi hotspots.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 123.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 115.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 75.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 68.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 35.3 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 156422.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 139726.8  
Balance (million US$) 2012 16695.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (31.4), Slovakia (9.1), Poland (6.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (25.5), China (11.2), Poland (7.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 73.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 26.6/20.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.6/74.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 72.0 Age group 15 to 44 years. 1997.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 432.8/4.0 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4987  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.3/98.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/1.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 19.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 46  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 34.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 111660/10.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 3350.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 526 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 3.6/12.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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