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Summary statistics
Country note Data generally refer to the government-controlled area unless otherwise indicated.  
Region Western Asia  
Currency Euro (EUR) Beginning 1 January 2008, the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=0.585274 CYP).  
Surface area (square kilometres) 9251  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 1129 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 122.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nicosia (253)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 22768  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 23053  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 16902  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 26462.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 28680.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 22298.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 25580.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 27756.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 21372.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 13.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate. Euro.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate. Euro.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.48 Official rate. Cyprus Pound (CYP).  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1577  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2309  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -971  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 137  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 115  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 83  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 100  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 83  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 83  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 83  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 84  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 11.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 2.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 57.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 53.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2465  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2173  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2470  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 9  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 98.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 93.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 75.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 61.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 32.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1826.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 7376.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -5550.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Greece (20.3), Bunkers (18.7), United Kingdom (8.9) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Greece (21.2), Israel (11.8), Italy (8.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Urban population (%) 2013 70.9 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 17.0 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 18.8/15.7 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 104.4 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.8/77.8 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 207.3/18.2 Includes Northern Cyprus.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 7188 UNHCR's assistance activities for internally displaced persons in Cyprus ended in 1999.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.7/96.3 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 12.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 57  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 18.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 7702/7.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2102.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 342 Based on monthly averages for the period 2002-2011.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.7/26.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 2002-2011.  
Trade Profile
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