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Summary statistics
Region Caribbean  
Currency Cuban Peso (CUP) The national currency of Cuba is the Cuban Peso (CUP). The convertible peso (CUC) is used by foreigners and tourists in Cuba.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 109884  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 11271  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 102.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Havana (2116)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 71017  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 64328  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 42644  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 11.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 6300.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5702.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3776.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6197.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5608.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3720.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 9.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 10.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 9.0  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 125 2008.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 88  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 88  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 17.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 17 to 59 for males and age group 17 to 54 for females. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 17 to 59 for males and age group 17 to 54 for females.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 17 to 59 for males and age group 17 to 54 for females. December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 19.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 17 to 59 for males and age group 17 to 54 for females. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 18.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 17 to 59 for males and age group 17 to 54 for females.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 17 to 59 for males and age group 17 to 54 for females. December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 43.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 38.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 70.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 67.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2815 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2507 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2261 Air arrivals.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 4200  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 3953  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 15.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 8.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 25.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 15.9 Includes users of the international network and also those having access only to the Cuban network.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 9.7 Includes users of the international network and also those having access only to the Cuban network.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2013 75.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 16.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 19.6/17.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.2/77.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 72.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 16.2/0.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 374  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 12.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.4/94.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.2/7.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 48.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 331  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 27.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 38333/3.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1074.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1189 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.6/28.8 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
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