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Summary statistics
Region Caribbean  
Surface area (sq km) 109884  
Population (est., 000) 11259  
Pop. density (per sq km) 101.6  
Capital city Havana  
Capital city pop. (000) 2146  
Currency Cuban Peso (CUP) The national currency of Cuba is the Cuban Peso (CUP). The convertible peso (CUC) is used by foreigners and tourists in Cuba.  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 78694  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 64328  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 42644  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 11.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6985.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5702.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3776.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 6883.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5618.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3720.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 9.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 10.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 9.0  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 125 2008.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 88  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 88  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 1.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 17.1 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 17-59. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.0 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 17-59. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.1 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 17-60. December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 19.7 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 17-59. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 18.5 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 17-59. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 20.2 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 17-60. December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 43.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 38.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 70.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 67.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2829 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2507 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2261 Arrivals by air.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 206 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 200  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 205  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 17.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 8.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 25.7 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 15.9 Including users of the international network and also those having access only to the Cuban network.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 9.7 Including users of the international network and also those having access only to the Cuban network.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 77.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 15.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 20.2/17.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.2/77.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 74.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 16.2/0.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 372  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 12.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 94.4/95.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 60.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 4.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 48.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 332  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 27.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 5.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 94.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 93.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 35922/3.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 48.0  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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