Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 51100  
Population (est., 000) 4938  
Pop. density (per sq km) 96.6  
Capital city San José  
Capital city pop. (000) 1160 Refers to the urban population of cantons.  
Currency Costa Rica Colon (CRC)  
UN membership date 2 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 49621  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 36298  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 19965  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 10184.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7773.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4621.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 9884.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7563.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4440.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 501.40 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 512.97 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 496.68 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2522  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1281  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -981  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 309 Central area.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 268 Central area.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 170 Central area.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 19.5 July. 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.5 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 12 and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.6 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 12 and over. July.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 13.4 July. 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 15.0 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 12 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 15.2 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 12 and over. July.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 46.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 46.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2428  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2100  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1679  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 106 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 104  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 93  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 146.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 67.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 25.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 46.0 Total population in the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 36.5 Population aged 5 and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 22.1 Population aged 5 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 11472.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 18124.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -6652.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (38.3), Netherlands (7.2), China, Hong Kong SAR (5.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (50.0), China (9.6), Mexico (6.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 75.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 23.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 11.6/10.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 103.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.1/77.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 76.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 419.6/8.6 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 22229  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 107.6/104.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 54.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 8.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 33.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 317  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 51.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 97.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 94.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7844/1.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 43.0  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2016 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta