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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 51100  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 4857  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 95.1  
Capital city 2015 San José  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1170 Refers to the urban population of cantons.  
Currency 2015 Costa Rican Colon (CRC)  
UN membership date 2013 2 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 49553  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 36298  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 19965  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 5.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 10415.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7986.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4700.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 5.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 6.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 8.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 23.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 24.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 27.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 71.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 68.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 63.6  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 12.7 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 15.0  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 15.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 12 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 19.0 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 19.5  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 21.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 12 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 68.2 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 64.7  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 62.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 12 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 9.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 46.7/76.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 44.1/77.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 43.6/80.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 323 Central area.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 268 Central area.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 170 Central area.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 122 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 125 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -2008  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1179  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -981  
Exports (million US$) 2015 9578.3  
Imports (million US$) 2015 15504.4  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -5926.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (40.8), Panama (5.8), Guatemala (5.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United States (39.8), China (12.6), Mexico (7.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 76.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 81.7/76.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 45  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 421.7/8.8 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 2527  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 7907  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.3 Data revision.  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.1  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.0  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 110.3/111.3  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 123.6/117.2  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 58.8/47.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 10.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 33.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 143.8 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 49.4 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 3.0  
Threatened species 2015 323  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 52.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 7616/1.6  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 124  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 47.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 3.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.6/91.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.2/92.3  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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