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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency Costa Rica Colon (CRC)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 51100  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 4805  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 94.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San José (1515)  
United Nations membership date 2 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 45107  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 36298  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 19965  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 9387.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7773.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4621.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 9128.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7563.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4440.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 508.20 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 512.97 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 496.68 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -2376  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1281  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -981  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 293 Central area.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 268 Central area.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 170 Central area.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 10.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 19.5 July.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 12 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 12 years and over. July.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 13.4 July.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 15.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 12 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 15.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Age group 12 years and over. July.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 46.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 46.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2343  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2100  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1679  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 756  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 681  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 128.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 65.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 25.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 47.5 Age group 5 years and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 36.5 Age group 5 years and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 22.1 Age group 5 years and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 11250.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 18356.0  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -7105.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (38.3), Netherlands (7.6), Panama (5.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (51.9), China (7.9), Mexico (6.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2013 65.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 23.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 11.2/9.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 103.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.1/77.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 82.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 419.6/8.6 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 21600  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.3/103.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.6/18.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 38.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 315  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 51.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 7764/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 670.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1866 Based on monthly averages for the period 1888-1997.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.2/24.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1982.  
Trade Profile
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