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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Polynesia  
Currency New Zealand Dollar (NZD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 236 Excludes Niue.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 21 Excludes Niue.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 87.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Avarua (...) Population estimates for Avarua are not available.  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 306  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 257  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 183  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -1.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 14917.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12653.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 9410.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 14917.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 12653.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 9410.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 12.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 13.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.22 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.31 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.46 UN operational exchange rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... Rarotonga.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 144 Rarotonga.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Rarotonga.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 122  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 104  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 88  
Exports (million US$) 2012 3.1 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 109.3 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -106.2 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Japan (58.1), China (16.1), United States (6.5) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 New Zealand (77.1), Fiji (10.0), Australia (5.3) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 74.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.5 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 13.0/12.2 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.0 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.8/73.6 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only. 2006-2012. Preliminary.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.0 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only. 2006-2012. Preliminary.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only. 2011.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 43.2 1999.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3.2/15.7  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.6/89.8 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 63  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 64.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 70/3.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1159.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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