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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Polynesia  
Surface area (sq km) 236 Excluding Niue.  
Population (est., 000) 21  
Pop. density (per sq km) 87.9  
Capital city Avarua Refers to the island of Rarotonga.  
Capital city pop. (000) 5 2011.  
Currency New Zealand Dollar (NZD)  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 330  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 257  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 183  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -1.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 16001.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12653.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 9410.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 16001.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 12653.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 9410.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 12.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 13.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.22 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.31 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.46 UN operational exchange rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 154 Rarotonga.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 144 Rarotonga.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 118 Rarotonga.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 121  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 104  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 88  
Exports (million US$) 2013 3.1 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 109.3 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -106.2 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Japan (58.1), China (16.1), United States (6.5) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 New Zealand (77.1), Fiji (10.0), Australia (5.3) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 74.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.5 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 11.5/10.8 Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. Data refer to the latest available census. Census, de jure, complete tabulation. 2006.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.0 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.8/73.6 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only. 2006-2012. Preliminary.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.0 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only. 2006-2012. Preliminary.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8 Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. Resident population only. 2011. Preliminary.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 43.2 1999.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3.2/15.7  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 97.2/96.3 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 52.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 73  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 64.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 97.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 70/3.5  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 49.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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