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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2235  
Population (est., 000) 752  
Pop. density (per sq km) 404.3  
Capital city Moroni  
Capital city pop. (000) 56  
Currency Comoros Franc (KMF)  
UN membership date 12 November 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 622  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 533  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 387  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 846.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 780.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 644.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 877.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 792.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 642.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 1.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 11.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 9.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 356.73 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 368.18 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 417.03 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -41 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -39  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -27  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 35.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 34.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 32.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 80.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 26  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 47.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 24.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 6.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 5.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.0 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population (%) 2014 28.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 41.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.0/4.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 62.2/59.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 67.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 19.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 12.5/1.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 7.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 83.3/85.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 45.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 10.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 106  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 1.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 95.0 2010.  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 35.0 2010.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 158/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 7.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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