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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Comoros Franc (KMF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 2235  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 718  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 321.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Moroni (54)  
United Nations membership date 12 November 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 616  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 530  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 387  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 858.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 776.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 644.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 830.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 792.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 642.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 9.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 372.87 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 368.18 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 417.03 Official rate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 35.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 34.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 32.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 80.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 19 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 26  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 32.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 22.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 6.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 5.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.0 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 12.6 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 181.5 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -168.9 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (43.7), Singapore (23.8), Netherlands (6.3) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Arab Emirates (29.4), France (21.4), Pakistan (14.7) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 28.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 42.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.9/4.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 62.2/59.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 67.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 25.7 2000.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 12.5/1.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.8/100.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.9/16.4 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 3.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 104  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 1.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 139/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 64.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2700  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.2/29.5  
Trade Profile
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