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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency Pataca (MOP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 30  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 557  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 18559.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Macao (556)  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 43582  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 28360  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11793  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 10.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 27.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 78275.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 53046.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 25189.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 71387.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 47340.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 23584.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 13.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 7.98 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8.02 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 7.99 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 18710  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 12180  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2962  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 139  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 99  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 42 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 45 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 88  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 88  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 2.0 Age group 16 years and over. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.8 Age group 16 years and over. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.1 Age group 16 years and over. 2009: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. 2009. Excludes mining and quarrying. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 14 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 0.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. 2009. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 0.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 14 years and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 65.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 59.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 77.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 77.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 13578 Country estimate. From 2008, data does not include other non-residents (workers, students, etc.).  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 11926 Country estimate. From 2008, data does not include other non-residents (workers, students, etc.).  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 9014 Country estimate. From 2008, data does not include other non-residents (workers, students, etc.).  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 284.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 206.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 110.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 64.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 55.2 Age group 3 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 34.9  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1020.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 8982.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -7961.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China, Hong Kong SAR (39.7), Areas nes (36.4), China (11.0) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (32.3), China, Hong Kong SAR (11.4), France (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0  
Urban population (%) 2013 100.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 12.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 13.3/13.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 92.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.5/78.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 333.3/58.8  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 6  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.9/97.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 10  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1030/1.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1152.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2123 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/25.2 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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