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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency Pataca (MOP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 30  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 556  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 18524.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Macao (556)  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 36428  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 28270  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11791  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 20.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 27.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 65551.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 51999.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 24493.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 59134.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 47021.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 22411.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 12.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 12.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 25.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 8.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8.02 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 7.99 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 12084  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2942  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 99  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 45 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 45 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 2.5 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.8 Age group 16 years and over. Methodology revised. Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.1 Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 16 years and over. Excludes mining and quarrying. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 14 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 14 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 0.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 14 years and over. Includes mining and quarrying. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 0.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 14 years and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 66.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 66.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 59.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 77.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 12925  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 11926  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 9014  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 273.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 237.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 146.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 58.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 53.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 34.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 870.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 7926.8  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -7056.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (29.9), China, Hong Kong SAR (11.9), France (9.6) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0  
Urban population (%) 2012 100.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 12.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.4/13.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.8/79.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 299.7/54.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.3/96.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1466/2.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1320.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2123  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/25.2  
Trade Profile
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