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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency Hong Kong Dollar (HKD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1104  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 7148  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 6475.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hong Kong (7122)  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 263259  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 228697  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 181569  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 36827.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 32441.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 26327.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 37611.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 33127.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 26466.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 26.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 7.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 7.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 7.75 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 6067  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 16070  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 21575  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 114  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 104  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 58  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 56  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 58  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 56  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 3.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 11.6 Average of quarterly estimates. Excludes the institutional population.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 11.4 Average of quarterly estimates. Excludes the institutional population.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Excludes marine and institutional populations.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Excludes marine and institutional populations.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 0.2 Excludes marine and institutional populations. Average of quarterly estimates. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 0.3 Excludes marine and institutional populations. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 51.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 51.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 68.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 71.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 23770  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 20085  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14773  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 227.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 195.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 125.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 72.8 Age group 10 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 72.0 Age group 10 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 56.9 Age group 10 years and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 492907.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 553486.5  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -60579.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (57.7), United States (8.9), Japan (3.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (45.5), Japan (7.7), Singapore (6.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0  
Urban population (%) 2013 100.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 11.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 19.9/20.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 87.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 86.4/80.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 1.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 79.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2804.8/38.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1427  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.2/104.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 58  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 36259/5.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1697.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2398 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.4/25.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Trade Profile
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