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Summary statistics
Country note For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR or Taiwan Province of China, unless otherwise indicated.  
Region 2015 Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 9596961  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 1382323  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 147.2  
Capital city 2015 Beijing  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 20384  
Currency 2015 Yuan Renminbi (CNY)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 10430590  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6005388  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2291432  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 7.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 10.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 11.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 7616.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4478.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1755.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 9.5 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 9.9 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 12.1 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 42.9 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 46.4 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 47.0 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 47.7 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 43.7 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 40.9 At producers' prices.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 2.5 Persons aged 16 years and over. 2011.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 2.9 Persons aged 16 years and over. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 3.9 Persons aged 16 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 46.9 Persons aged 16 years and over. 2011.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 44.3 Persons aged 16 years and over. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 43.4 Persons aged 16 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 47.0 Persons aged 16 years and over. 2011.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 48.8 Persons aged 16 years and over. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 49.5 Persons aged 16 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 4.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 63.7/77.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 63.7/77.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 66.9/79.8 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 140 Index base period: the same month of 2000=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124 Index base period: the same month of 2000=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 107 Index base period: the same month of 2000=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 131 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 132 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 219678  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 237810  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 132378 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 2281856.0  
Imports (million US$) 2015 1681670.8  
Balance (million US$) 2015 600185.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (18.0), China, Hong Kong SAR (14.7), Japan (6.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Republic of Korea (10.4), United States (9.0), Asia nes (8.6) See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 55.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.0/74.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 37  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 978.1/0.1 Refers to foreign citizens. For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include those for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR), Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) and Taiwan Province of China.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 55622 For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include those for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR), Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) and Taiwan Province of China.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 301621 The 300,000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.6  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.5 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 104.0/103.8  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 95.4/93.4  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 42.5/36.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.8 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 23.6  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 92.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 49.3 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 587.0  
Threatened species 2015 1040  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 21.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 10249463/7.5  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 108185  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 93.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 15.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.5/93.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 86.6/63.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 -<  
Trade Profile
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