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Map
China
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency Renminbi (CNY)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 9596961  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1347565  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 140.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Beijing (15594)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 7203784  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5951462  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2283671  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 9.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 11.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 5439.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4515.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1777.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 5535.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4519.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1744.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 46.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 45.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 39.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 6.30 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.62 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.07 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 201714  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 237810  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 132378  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 130 Index base period: the same month of 2000=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124 Index base period: the same month of 2000=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 107 Index base period: the same month of 2000=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... December. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.7 December. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.8 December. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... December. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 36.7 December. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 44.8 December. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 67.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 67.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 69.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 57581  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 55664  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 46809  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1814970 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1439360  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 94.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 86.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 56.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 38.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 34.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1898388.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 1743395.0  
Balance (million US$) 2011 154993.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (17.1), China, Hong Kong SAR (14.1), Japan (7.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Japan (11.2), Republic of Korea (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 51.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 18.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 14.3/12.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 108.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.6/72.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 84.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 685.8/0.1 Estimates.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 301048 The 300,000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.9 1999.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.7/92.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 911  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7680825/5.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1431.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 578  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.5/17.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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