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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 9596961  
Population (est., 000) 1393784  
Pop. density (per sq km) 145.2  
Capital city Beijing  
Capital city pop. (000) 19520  
Currency Yuan Renminbi (CNY)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 9181204  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5949785  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2287237  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 7.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 11.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6626.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4375.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1735.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 6594.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4342.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1699.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 45.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 45.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 39.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 6.10 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.62 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 8.07 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 182807  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 237810  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 132378  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 137 Index base 2000=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124 Index base 2000=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 107 Index base 2000=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 29.5 December. Population aged 16 and over. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.7 December. Population aged 16 and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.8 December. Population aged 16 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 34.8 December. Population aged 16 and over. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 36.7 December. Population aged 16 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 44.8 December. Population aged 16 and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 63.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 63.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 66.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 78.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 77.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 55686  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 55664  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 46809  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 93752 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 85079  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 62586  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 88.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 63.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 29.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 45.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 34.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 8.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 2209007.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 1949992.3  
Balance (million US$) 2013 259015.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China, Hong Kong SAR (17.4), United States (16.7), Japan (6.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Republic of Korea (9.4), Japan (8.3), China (8.1) Data refer to returned goods or goods resulting from outward processing, i.e. minor processing or, in general, operations which do not change the country of origin. When these goods come back they are recorded as re-imports and the country of origin is the country itself.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 54.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 18.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 15.2/13.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 107.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.6/74.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 84.6 2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 848.5/0.1 Estimate.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 301442 The 300,000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 1.9 1999.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 105.8/105.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 50.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 23.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 995  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 22.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 15.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 92.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 65.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 9019518/6.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 79.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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