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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Chilean Peso (CLP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 756102  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 17465  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 23.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Santiago (6034)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 268314  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 217556  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 123056  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 15363.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12684.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7532.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 14637.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11831.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 6902.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 24.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 478.60 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 468.37 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 514.21 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -9497  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 3224  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1449  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 108 Index base 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 101 Index base 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Santiago.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 6.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.1 Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 23.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Fourth quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 10.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 10.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 13.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Fourth quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 49.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 46.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 38.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 74.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 3554  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2801  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2027  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 4448  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 4670  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 138.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 116.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 64.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 61.4 ITU estimate. Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 45.0 ITU estimate. Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 31.2 ITU estimate. Age group 5 years and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 78277.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 79461.5  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1184.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (23.3), United States (12.3), Japan (10.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (22.9), China (18.2), Argentina (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 89.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 21.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 15.6/12.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.6/77.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 64.2 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 398.3/2.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 2078  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.3/95.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/12.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 179  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 21.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 72199/4.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1463.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 313  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.3/22.5  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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