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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1284000  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 12448  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 9.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) N'Djamena (1079)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 10183  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8919  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5873  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 14.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 818.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 761.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 586.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 493.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 480.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 330.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 497.16 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... N'Djamena.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 147 N'Djamena.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 126 N'Djamena.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 73 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 79 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 126  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 64.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 64.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 64.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 71  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 46 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6278  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 8899  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 35.5 July.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 25.6 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 2.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population (%) 2013 22.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 48.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.1/3.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.9/50.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 95.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 2.8 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 439.1/3.4 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 509009  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 49.8/71.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 19.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.9/23.8 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 14.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 35  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 9.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 469/0.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 7.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 510 January to November only. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.8/30.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
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