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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1284000  
Population (est., 000) 13211  
Pop. density (per sq km) 10.3  
Capital city N'Djaména  
Capital city pop. (000) 1212  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 10460  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8630  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5873  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 13.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 815.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 736.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 586.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 449.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 404.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 330.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 161 N'Djamena.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 147 N'Djamena.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 126 N'Djamena.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 83 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 127 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 64.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 64.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 64.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 32 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 14 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. Partial data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 29 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 288 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 324  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 433  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 35.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 24.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 2.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 22.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 48.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.1/3.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.9/50.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 95.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 4.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 439.1/3.4 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 476500  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 49.8/71.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 19.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 7.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 14.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 38  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 9.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 17.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 51.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 12.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 539/0.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 6.0  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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