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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 622984  
Population (est., 000) 4709  
Pop. density (per sq km) 7.6  
Capital city Bangui  
Capital city pop. (000) 781  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1585  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2034  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1413  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -36.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 343.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 467.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 356.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 342.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 469.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 354.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 8.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 13.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 150 Bangui. Excluding rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 138 Bangui. Excluding rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Bangui. Excluding rent.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 68 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 79 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 72.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 85.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 71 Arrivals by air to Bangui only. 2012.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 54 Arrivals by air to Bangui only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 12 Arrivals by air to Bangui only.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 19 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 19  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 19  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 29.5 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 22.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 3.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.3 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 48.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 129.7  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -81.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Belgium (33.2), China (18.4), Germany (14.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 France (24.7), United States (9.8), Netherlands (8.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 39.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 39.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.3/5.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.8/48.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 93.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 15.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 134.2/2.9 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 911706  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 1.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 46.4/66.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 26.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 11.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 53  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 36.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 18.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 68.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 22.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 286/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 5.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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