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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 622984  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 4525  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 7.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bangui (740)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2184  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1986  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1350  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 482.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 456.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 340.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 448.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 455.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 338.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 9.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 497.16 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... Excludes rent. Bangui.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 138 Excludes rent. Bangui.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Excludes rent. Bangui.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 144 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 126 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 72.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 85.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ... Air arrivals to Bangui only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 54 Air arrivals to Bangui only.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 12 Air arrivals to Bangui only.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 12 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 12  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 23.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 22.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 3.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.3 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 103.9 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 214.7 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -110.8 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (26.3), Japan (15.0), Cameroon (9.7) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 France (31.7), Japan (13.6), Cameroon (7.7) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 39.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 39.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.3/5.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.8/48.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 93.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 19.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 134.2/2.9 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 226336  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 46.4/66.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 26.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 14.4/44.5 Estimates.  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 44  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 36.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 264/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 23.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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