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Map
Cape Verde
Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency Cape Verde Escudo (CVE)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 4033  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 501  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 124.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Praia (132)  
United Nations membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1889  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1648  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 972  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 3773.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3323.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2055.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 3649.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3183.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1984.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 45.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 47.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 35.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 85.22 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 82.53 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 93.47 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -288  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -213  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -41  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 133  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 50.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 83.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 428 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 336 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 198 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 0 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 94.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 89.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 32.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 32.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 30.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 68.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 961.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -892.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Spain (66.6), Portugal (15.7), Germany (8.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Portugal (39.1), Netherlands (15.6), Spain (10.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 63.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.7/5.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/70.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.3 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 12.1/2.4  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.7/97.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.8/21.9 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 47  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 21.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 315/0.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 215.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 70 Sal.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.5/23.5 Sal. Refers to average temperature.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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