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Summary statistics
Region Northern America  
Surface area (sq km) 9984670  
Population (est., 000) 35525  
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.6  
Capital city Ottawa-Gatineau The capital is Ottawa.  
Capital city pop. (000) 1306 Refers to the Census Metropolitan Area. The capital is Ottawa.  
Currency Canadian Dollar (CAD)  
UN membership date 9 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1838964  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1614072  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1164179  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 52270.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 47297.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 36095.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 51158.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 46379.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 35352.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 23.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 23.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.06 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.16 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -58584  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -56626  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 21910  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 107 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.5 ISIC Rev.3. Excluding residents of the Territories and indigenous persons living on reserves. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.0 ISIC Rev.3. Excluding residents of the Territories and indigenous persons living on reserves.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 2.4 ISIC Rev.3. Excluding residents of the Territories and indigenous persons living on reserves. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.7 ISIC Rev.3. Excluding residents of the Territories and indigenous persons living on reserves.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 61.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 61.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 60.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 71.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 16590  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 16219  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 18771  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 17227 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 16256  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 16658  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 78.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 75.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 52.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 85.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 80.3 Population aged 16 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 71.7 Population aged 16 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 456395.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 461799.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -5404.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (75.8), China (4.4), United Kingdom (3.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (52.1), China (11.1), Mexico (5.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2014 81.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 16.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 23.2/20.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.5/79.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 74.0 Age group 18 to 44 years. 2002.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 7284.1/20.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 177747 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 100.6/101.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.0 2000.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 25.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 93  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 34.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 485463/14.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 297.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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