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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 475650  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 23924  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 50.6  
Capital city 2015 Yaoundé  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 3066  
Currency 2015 CFA Franc (XAF)  
UN membership date 2013 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 32051  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 23622  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 16588  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 5.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 2.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1407.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1147.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 915.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 22.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 23.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 20.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 29.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 29.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 31.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 48.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 47.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 47.8  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 61.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2001.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 9.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2001.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 22.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2001.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 4.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 70.9/81.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 70.5/81.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 67.1/79.5 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 141  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 154 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 139  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 159 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 143  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 112 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Data refers to manufacturing and utilities only. 2012.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 102 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Data refers to manufacturing and utilities only.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Data refers to manufacturing and utilities only.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1128 2013.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -856  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -495  
Exports (million US$) 2015 5159.5 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 7561.1 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -2401.6 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Spain (16.7), China (14.7), Netherlands (10.4) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (18.0), Nigeria (17.9), France (10.2) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 54.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 56.0/53.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 84  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 382.0/1.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 912 2013.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 391821  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 74  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.1 Data revision.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.0 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.9/120.1  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 51.9/61.0  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 10.1/13.8 2011.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 2.7 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 31.1  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 75.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 11.0 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 697  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 40.7 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 6813/0.3  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 376  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 14.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 10.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 94.8/52.7  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 61.8/26.8  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 2.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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