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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 475650  
Population (est., 000) 22819  
Pop. density (per sq km) 48.0  
Capital city Yaoundé  
Capital city pop. (000) 2930  
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 29568  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 23622  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 16588  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1328.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1145.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 914.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1274.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1140.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 880.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 19.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 17.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1128  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -856  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -495  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 138  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 111  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 116 ISIC Rev.4 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 98 ISIC Rev.4 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 154  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 139  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 159  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 143  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 12.6 Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.1 Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 53.3 Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.7 Population aged 10 and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 63.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 63.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 62.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 76.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 912 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 573 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 451 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. 2006.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 328 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 351  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 442  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 70.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 6.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 4.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.4  
Exports (million US$) 2013 4520.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 6657.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -2136.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Portugal (25.5), Spain (12.8), Netherlands (10.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (14.2), Nigeria (13.8), France (12.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2014 53.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 42.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.2/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 56.0/53.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 73.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 23.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 291.8/1.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 240459  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 75.2/86.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 42.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 7.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 31.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 688  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 41.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 10.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 74.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 45.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 5662/0.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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