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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Riel (KHR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 181035  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 14865  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 82.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Phnom Penh (1550)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 14038  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 11242  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6293  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 7.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 13.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 944.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 782.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 471.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 898.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 745.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 403.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 17.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 16.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 3995.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4051.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 4112.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1208  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -772  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -307  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 179 Phnom Penh.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 165 Phnom Penh.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Phnom Penh.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 175  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 148  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 175  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 148  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 18.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. Social-economic survey.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.2 Age group 15 to 64 years. Social-economic survey.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 ... Age group 15 to 64 years. Social-economic survey.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 51.0 Age group 15 to 64 years. Social-economic survey.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 54.2 Age group 15 to 64 years. Social-economic survey.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 ... Age group 15 to 64 years. Social-economic survey.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 78.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 76.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 86.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 86.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 3584 Arrivals by all means of transport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2508 Arrivals by all means of transport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1422 Arrivals by all means of transport.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 2  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 132.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 57.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 4.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.3  
Exports (million US$) 2012 7838.1  
Imports (million US$) 2012 7062.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 775.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (25.9), China, Hong Kong SAR (21.5), Singapore (8.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (30.6), Viet Nam (13.3), Thailand (12.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population (%) 2013 20.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 31.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 9.0/6.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 95.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.2/68.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 40.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 50.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 75.6/0.5  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 87  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 81.1/88.6 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.9/39.9 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 20.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 234  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 56.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 4177/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 97.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1636 Based on monthly averages for the period 1997-2001.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.8/32.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1997-2001.  
Trade Profile
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