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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Country note Previously listed as Cape Verde.  
Region Western Africa  
Currency Cabo Verde Escudo (CVE)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 4033  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 494  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 122.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Praia (132)  
United Nations membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1903  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1664  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1105  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3849.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3413.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2309.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3731.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3262.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2229.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 39.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 45.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 34.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 83.58 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 82.53 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 93.47 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -209  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -223  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -41  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 136  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 134  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 127  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 51.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 83.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 482 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 336 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 198 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 0  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 84.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 75.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 17.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 34.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 30.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.1  
Exports (million US$) 2012 55.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 754.8  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -699.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Spain (71.9), Portugal (15.1), Areas nes (5.7) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Portugal (39.9), Netherlands (12.5), United States (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 64.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 29.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 8.7/5.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.7/70.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 61.3 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 14.9/3.0  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.8/100.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.8/21.9 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 20.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 51  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 21.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 355/0.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 233.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 70 Sal. Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.5/23.5 Sal. Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990. Refers to average temperature.  
Trade Profile
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