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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Colombian Peso (COP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1141748  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 47704  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 41.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bogotá (8744)  
United Nations membership date 5 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 369813  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 287018  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 146566  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7752.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6179.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3394.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 7442.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5959.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3309.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 23.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1771.54 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1989.88 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2284.22 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -12124  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -8919  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1886  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 191 Low income group.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 177 Low income group.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140 Low income group.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 10.4 Nonstandard age coverage.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.8 Nonstandard age coverage.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.8 Nonstandard age coverage.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.9 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.6 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.3 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 16.9 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 18.4 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 21.4 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 53.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2175  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1405  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 933  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 102790  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 76092  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 103.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 96.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 50.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 49.0 Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 36.5 Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 11.0  
Exports (million US$) 2012 60273.6  
Imports (million US$) 2012 58087.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 2185.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (36.9), China (5.5), Spain (4.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (24.3), China (16.5), Mexico (11.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 75.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 27.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.4/8.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.6/70.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 79.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 129.6/0.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4744410  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.5/98.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.3/63.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 12.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 730  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 54.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 75618/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 546.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 799 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.4/16.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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