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Map
Colombia
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Colombian Peso (COP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1141748  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 46927  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 41.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bogotá (8744)  
United Nations membership date 5 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 333185  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 286398  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 146566  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 7100.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6186.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3405.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 6827.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5949.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3320.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 23.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1942.70 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1989.88 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2284.22 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -9980  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -8760  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1886  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 184 Low income group.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 177 Low income group.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140 Low income group.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 10.8 Age group 12 years and over in urban areas and 10 years and over in rural areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.8 Age group 12 years and over in urban areas and 10 years and over in rural areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.8 Age group 12 years and over in urban areas and 10 years and over in rural areas.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.0 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.3 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 17.9 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 21.4 Age group 12 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 55.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 52.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 79.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2385  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 933  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 95843 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 76092  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 113.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 111.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 68.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 40.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 36.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 56953.5  
Imports (million US$) 2011 54674.8  
Balance (million US$) 2011 2278.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (38.5), Netherlands (4.4), Chile (3.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (25.0), China (15.0), Mexico (11.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2012 75.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.0/8.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/70.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 78.2 2004-2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 110.3/0.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3888684  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.3/102.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.3/63.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 497  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 55.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 71173/1.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 520.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 799  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.4/16.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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