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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 27834  
Population (est., 000) 10483  
Pop. density (per sq km) 376.6  
Capital city Bujumbura  
Capital city pop. (000) 707  
Currency Burundi Franc (BIF)  
UN membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 2549  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2032  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1117  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 15.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 250.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 220.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 143.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 251.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 218.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 141.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 28.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1541.99 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1232.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 997.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -253  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -301  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -6  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 332 Bujumbura.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 236 Bujumbura.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 145 Bujumbura.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 145  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 83.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 83.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ... Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 142 Including nationals residing abroad. Break in series.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 148 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 88 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 86  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 79  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 25.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 18.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 1.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 205.7  
Imports (million US$) 2013 721.7  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -516.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United Arab Emirates (58.3), Switzerland (7.4), Kenya (6.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Saudi Arabia (12.1), India (10.7), China (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population (%) 2014 11.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 44.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.1/3.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.8/52.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 87.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 21.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 254.5/2.5 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 138545  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 81.7/85.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 35.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 8.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 30.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 60  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 6.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 75.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 47.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 209/0.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 9.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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