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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Burundi Franc (BIF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 27834  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 9850  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 353.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bujumbura (605)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2257  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2084  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1117  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 229.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 225.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 143.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 228.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 224.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 141.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1546.07 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1232.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 997.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -255  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -301  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -6  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... Bujumbura.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 161 Bujumbura. 2007.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 145 Bujumbura.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 83.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 83.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 ... Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 142 Includes nationals residing abroad. Break in series.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 148 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 17  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 10  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 25.7 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 20.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 1.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.5  
Exports (million US$) 2012 242.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1003.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -760.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Italy (17.6), Saudi Arabia (8.2), Belgium (7.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 11.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 44.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.1/3.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.8/52.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 87.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 21.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 254.5/2.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 131656  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 79.6/85.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.3/33.7 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 30.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 59  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 6.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 308/0.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 14.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 786 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.7/29.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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