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Map
Burundi
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Burundi Franc (BIF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 27834  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 8575  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 308.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bujumbura (605)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 2340  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2063  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1117  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 273.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 246.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 154.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 270.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 244.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 152.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 22.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1361.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1232.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 997.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -385  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -323  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -222  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 ... Bujumbura.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 161 Bujumbura. 2007.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 145 Bujumbura.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 83.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 83.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 84.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 82.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 82.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 142 Includes nationals residing abroad. Break in the series.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 148 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 14 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 10  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 14.5 Mobile cellular subscriptions only.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 14.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 1.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 1.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1187.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 10868.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -9681.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United Arab Emirates (29.4), Switzerland (17.1), Belgium (9.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Saudi Arabia (32.6), United Rep. Tanzania (10.2), Uganda (4.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 11.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.5/3.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 52.6/49.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 94.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 9.1 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 60.8/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 130202  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 89.2/93.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.3/33.7 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 30.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 56  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 7.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 191/0.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 10.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 786  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.7/29.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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