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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 272967  
Population (est., 000) 17420  
Pop. density (per sq km) 63.6  
Capital city Ouagadougou  
Capital city pop. (000) 2565  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 12547  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8993  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5463  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 740.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 578.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 407.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 728.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 563.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 403.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 17.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -181  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -634  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 141 Ouagadougou.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131 Ouagadougou. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 116 Ouagadougou.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.1 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 84.8 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 77.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 77.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 76.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 90.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 90.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 218 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 274 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 245 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 121 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 118  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 98  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 66.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 36.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 4.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 2650.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 4365.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1714.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Switzerland (52.2), Mali (6.6), South Africa (5.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (9.7), Côte d'Ivoire (8.9), France (8.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 29.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 45.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.6/3.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 56.7/55.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 69.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 16.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 697.0/4.1 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 33363  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 56.5/60.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 32.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 8.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 13.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 29  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 20.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 15.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 82.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 19.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 1933/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 9.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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